Lets Talk Dog Nutrition Six Essential Nutrients Dogs Need
Here is a link to an article regarding Dog nutrition, originally published in Dogster Magazine in 2017. You can also link to the article by clicking on the picture below.
Diana Laverdure-Dunetz, M.S., is a canine nutritionist and co-author, with M. Jean Dodds, D.V.M., of two books including Canine Nutrigenomics: The New Science of Feeding Your Dog for Optimum Health. Their online course, Complete Canine Nutrition can be found at myhealthydog.dog.
Is A Raw Diet Good For My Dog
Insider Reviews spoke to veterinarians who said that even though there are some reported benefits of raw diets, they’re just too risky. They put pets at risk of nutritional deficiencies, bacterial infections, and possibly even injuries from bones in the food. Plus, there are risks to humans. Those who are immunocompromised, elderly people, and young children are at risk of bacterial infections if they live in a household where a dog is fed a raw diet. If you want to learn more, you can check out the statements from the FDA and CDC on the health and safety risks of raw dog foods.
How Much Should I Feed My Dog
Dog obesity is a growing concern in the veterinary community and has been linked to many health problems in dogs. Luckily for our pets, we are usually more disciplined about controlling their diets than we are about controlling our own. Knowing how much to feed your dog and what healthy dog weight looks like can be tricky. Many owners accidentally overfeed their pets, which is why it is important to take your dog in for regular checkups and to talk with your vet about appropriate portions. The guidelines on the back of the bag are just that guidelines. Some dogs may require more than the recommended amount, whereas others require much less. Activity level, time of year, nursing, illness, and more factors can all impact how much a dog needs to eat. Dog people will often advise that you should feed the dog thats in front of you instead of strictly adhering to dog food serving size guidelines that may or may not be exactly what your dog needs.
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Is A Low Fat Diet Good For Dogs
Yes, of course, to some extent! Rather than just seeing the fat percentage, you must see the fat-to-protein ratio in a meal pack you will purchase. Veterinarians would surely recommend the best dog food for weight loss if you want your dog to lose weight. Although, canines may sustain higher blood cholesterol levels. Thus, cholesterol isnt bad, but humans consider that huge decomposition of cholesterol as artery blocking. This is HDL cholesterol which prevents choking and the blockage commonly present in human arteries walls. Apart from fats, low fat weight control dog food has high protein amounts along with good fibers and vitamins. This ensures that the supply of other nutrients doesnt stop.
Only the amount of fat in them is less than 10%. However, dietary fats are a magnificent energy source and a great way to give all significant fatty acids needed to continue living. But, they become a problem if any medical conditions like pancreatitis and chronic obesity come to your dog. In this case, weight control diets are an urgent need to cut the supply of extra dietary fats. So, by consuming low fat healthy weight dog food, your pet dog will lose weight, provided that all other healthy nutrients get supplied to sustain life. They may prove to be efficient, but it is vital to keep in mind that your loyal friend still needs some fats to thrive as fats are the energy banks of the body. Too little fat can also make a dog feel exhausted, lazy, and hungry.
Overview Of Plant Based Proteins
As already discussed, plant proteins are not as easy for a dog to digest as meat proteins, but they are not quite the garbage that they have been labeled in some quarters. Although some people have advocated that you should not feed your dog any grains at all, there are no scientific studies that show feeding a grain-free diet is healthier for a typical dog. If your dog has any kind of allergy or food intolerance to a grain they you should obviously avoid feeding a food with that grain. Otherwise, there is no proven health reason to avoid grains in your dogs food. Some people have suggested that feeding dog food containing grain can lead to obesity in dogs, but obesity in dogs depends on over feeding and lack of exercise. Dogs can become overweight eating any kind of food if they are not fed in moderation. Always measure your dogs food and monitor his intake, no matter what kind of food you feed.
Why Do Dogs Need Protein
Dogs need 22 different essential amino acids, the building blocks of protein, to survive and live healthily. About half of these are naturally occurring within your pets body, but the remainder must be supplemented through their food consumption. Protein plays a range of roles in your dogs health. Not only do proteins assist in the building and repair of the bodys tissues, but also they help in the formation of new skin cells, the growth of hair, and repairment and development of muscle. Protein is also an important ingredient for the creation of enzymes and hormones supplies the dog with energy, and helps support a strong and healthy immune system.
How To Make Healthy Homemade Dog Food With Beef
Did you know that many brands of commercially-prepared dog food are filled with gross additives, highly-processed ingredients, and unspecified meat byproducts? If youre like us, just reading that gives you chills.
Because of this, many dog owners have turned to homemade dog food. After all, you want the best for your dogand that includes providing healthy, nutrient-packed meals throughout the day. Going the DIY route ensures you know exactly what your pup is eating.
Beef, in particular, is a fantastic ingredient to include in your homemade dog food. Not only is it high in protein, its full of important vitamins and minerals, including iron, zinc, and selenium. Add in some carrots and sweet potatoes for beta-carotene and fiber, and youll have a delicious dinner your pup will love.
Note: The recipe below is also grain-free, which some pet owners find is easier on their dogs sensitive tummy. While most healthy dogs can tolerate grains, keep an eye on adverse reactions to foodlike excessive gas, itching, or vomitingand talk to your vet if you suspect an allergy.
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Why Homemade Instead Of Purchased Dog Food
Myths and misconceptions abound on the Internet regarding homemade dog food. Also, there are a myriad of conflicting nutritional recommendations ranging from the 30-70% carbs found in commercial dog food to raw frozen foods that contains no carbs. Some owners feed raw meat and bones and say their dogs thrive.
However, many raw materials that are unfit for humans are legal for dog food. These may include spoiled supermarket food, slaughter house waste such as organs, heads, hooves, beaks, feet and other appalling ingredients. Ingredients often have vague names such as animal by-product meal and meat by-product meal. Read the article, The Shocking Truth About Commercial Dog Food by Dog Food Advisor. It will convince you that making homemade food is a safer alternative to much of the commercial food.
Before commercial dog food, dogs ate table scraps real food. During the Great Depression dog food companies marketed their products as an economical alternative. To boost their market, dog food companies advertised that their food was required for good health. Table scraps and real food suddenly became harmful. Pet food companies stepped up the onslaught and began using veterinarians to endorse their products.
Who Makes Instinct Dog Food
Instinct is owned by Natures Variety of Lincoln, Nebraska. All Instinct recipes are made at the companys own facilities in Lincoln.
Each Instinct dog food is formulated by the companys on-staff professionals. This includes a veterinarian who is board-certified in both veterinary nutrition and integrative medicine.
The companys chief scientific officer holds a PhD in food science. And one of its directors of research and development holds a masters degree in the same field.
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How Do I Know If My Puppy Is A Large Breed
The pet food industry3 defines a large breed puppy as one whose adult weight is expected to be over 70 pounds.
Since its impossible to know your puppys adult weight before shes fully grown
If you expect your dog to weigh over 50 pounds when shes fully grown then shes considered a large breed puppy.
Wellness Petite Entrees Natural Grain Free Food
Price: $18.88/8 cans 3 oz.
These grain-free mini entrees are available in eight flavor varieties and are designed to meet the needs of small breed dogs. Made with no meat by-products or fillers each of these entrees contains 3 oz. of food. Perfect for rotation feeding, these small cups are perfect for picky dogs who are easily bored by one flavor of food.
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Dry Dog Food Versus Wet Or Canned Dog Food
Freeman argued the amount of water in wet food might make it an unwise investment, and instead recommended you go with dry food. One benefit to dry food , she noted, is that the friction of chewing it can help keep your dogs teeth and gums healthy. Its also less messy. Morgan added that bags of dry food also tend to be more affordable compared to the other options.
However, Morgan noted that kibble typically includes less meat and often includes some sort of grain, legume, or potato. If you go with kibble, Morgan suggested topping the dry food with a bit of canned food, meat from home, or other toppers.
Protein For Dogs To Build Muscle
A newer product on the market is protein powder, or whey powder, to build up a dog’s muscle mass. It’s similar to the product humans use to body build. While these products say they are designed for dogs, whey protein is not recommended for dogs. It is protein but derived from milk and wheat sources that are not designed for a dog’s digestive system. Some higher protein dog food choices contain whey protein which should be avoided in favor of better quality protein sources.
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Royal Canin Multifunction Satiety + Hydrolyzed Protein Dry Dog Food
This veterinary diet is suited for overweight or obese adult dogs with food sensitivities. It will help them safely lose dogs while preventing hypersensitivities.
- Hydrolyzed soy protein used is highly digestible and wont cause hypersensitivity
- Satiety formulation that has high fiber helps your pet feel full in between meals. It wont beg food and will consequently lose weight safely, with 97% of canines on this formula losing weight.
- It offers skin barrier reinforcement and has ingredients that will promote not only healthy skin but also ensure an excellent coat quality since affected dogs often suffer from skin issues.
- Most people note that it is costly, and it is unavailable in most pet stores.
- First ingredients: Hydrolyzed soy protein, brewers rice, powdered cellulose, natural flavors, chicken fat, pea fiber, dried plain beet pulp, and fish oil.
- Calories: Calculated calories are 2852 kcal ME per kg or 208 kcal ME per cup.
- Guaranteed analysis: Crude protein : 28.0%, crude fats : 7.5%, crude fiber : 19.4%, moisture : 10.0%.
Natural Ultramix Grain Free Adult Food
Price: $35.88/12 cans 13.2 oz.
Castor and Pollux Natural Ultramix is available in six recipe options whole chicken thighs, venison, minced chicken/bacon, beef tripe/chicken, beef/vegetable, and all beef sausage links. Made in the USA, these recipes contain no corn, wheat, soy, or artificial colors/flavors/preservatives. High-quality proteins and added omega fatty acids provide your dog optimal nutrition while ongoing testing ensures quality control.
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Royal Canin Canine Hydrolyzed Protein Ps Dry Dog Food
This PS canine diet is perfect for all adult dogs prone to food sensitivities.
- It is highly palatable, easy to digest, absorb, and wont cause immune response or hypersensitivities.
- It will deal with skin irritations or sensitivities since it has optimum and amino acids and B vitamins that will reinforce a skin barrier.
- Its formulation uses potato as a source of carbohydrates, which is not known to cause hypersensitivities.
- EPA and DHA from omega-3 fatty acids are beneficial to your dogs skin and coat.
- Added fiber blends will manage GI disturbances, including diarrhea.
- More affordable
- First ingredients: Potato, hydrolyzed soy protein, coconut oil, potato protein, natural flavors, and fish oil.
- Calculated calories: 3516 kcal ME per kg or an approximate equivalent of 302 kcal ME per cup.
- Guaranteed Analysis: Crude Protein : 21.5%, crude fats : 10.5%, crude fiber : 3.1%, moisture : 10.0%, and phosphorus : 0.50%
Crave Perfect For Adult Dogs
First Five Ingredients:
Salmon and chicken meal are the two most important ingredients in this great formula. Crave Grain free High protein Dry Dog Food has carbohydrates that come from high-quality sources such as chickpeas. It is high very high in protein at 34 percent which will keep your pet full for a more extended period.
This recipe will provide your furry friend with essential nutrients he needs for a strong immune system, bags of energy lean body and healthy skin and coat. It doesnt contain artificial preservatives, flavors or coloring, no by-products, wheat, or soy.
The great thing about this recipe is that it is suitable for adult canines of any breed. It is very affordable compared to other high-quality foods with good protein, and an excellent option for owners with a limited budget.
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Dogs And People Love It
|30% Off at Chewy.com|
- Carefully-sourced ingredients from North American suppliers
- A great reputation with customers
- The price of this dog food is on the higher end, but customers report that because the nutritional value of this food is so concentrated with no fillers, youll need to use less food overall
- Doesnt offer canned/wet foods
What Should I Look For When Shopping For High Protein Dog Food
When youre shopping for a high protein dog food, the first thing you should do is look at the ingredient listand, more specifically, look at the first few ingredients on said list. The ingredients on dog food labels work the same way as human food, listed in most to least, says Gore.
If you want to make sure youre getting your dog the best quality high protein foodthe kind thats going to support his overall health and wellnessyou want to look at the top of the ingredient list and make sure those ingredients are healthy, whole foods. Look for as many whole ingredients listed first as possible, preferably animal proteins like meat, meat meals, by-product meal, organs, and bone, says Gore.
In other words, if you cant pronounce the first few ingredients on your dog foods ingredient list? Its probably not the healthiest choice for your dog.
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Daily Protein Needs Of Adult Dogs
A dog needs about one gram of protein per pound of weight a day. However, when calculating this formula, the weight should be based on what their weight should be. Using an overweight dog’s current weight will give you a result that is too high. For example, if you have a Pomeranian who should be seven pounds, he would need seven grams of protein per day. If your Pomeranian is overweight at eleven pounds, he would still need seven grams as protein as you are using his “ideal” weight and not the weight he is at the time of your calculations. Keep in mind, too much protein won’t hurt your dog assuming they are healthy and have no medical conditions. According to PetMD excess protein will be processed by the kidneys and will not harm a dog. However, dogs on a high protein diet should have their BUN levels regularly checked to make sure they don’t reach 75 or more.
The Purpose Of Protein For Dogs
Dogs may be omnivores, but they rely heavily on protein to help them survive and thrive. Protein contains essential amino acids that are crucial to the process of cell production. Without enough protein in their diet, dogs can develop a host of health problems. They’ll lose energy, their coats will become dull and lifeless, and their immune systems become less capable of fighting off disease.
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What To Look For In Dog Food In Order Of Importance:
AAFCO nutritional adequacy statement: This is the most crucial factor in determining whether a dog food is healthy or not. Any food you feed your dog should say on the label that it meets the nutritional standards established by the AAFCO. This means the food is “complete and balanced” for the dog’s life stage. You can find out more about these standards and definitions in the next slide.
Guaranteed analysis: This is where you’ll find the percentages of the most important nutrients in the food: protein, fat, fiber, and moisture. Sometimes, you might find other nutrients like glucosamine, chondroitin, and omega fatty acids listed in the guaranteed analysis, too. It’s worth checking if the brand routinely tests their finished product to ensure it meets standards, Shepherd says. All of the foods in this guide have moderate to high protein and low to moderate fat .
Healthy extras: Some foods contain extra ingredients intended to support healthy skin, coat, and joints, Swanson notes. Examples include long-chain omega-3 fatty acids , omega-6 fatty acids , glucosamine, chondroitin, green-lipped mussels, and additional vitamins and minerals . Probiotics, prebiotics, and yeast can also benefit a puppy’s immature GI tract and probiotics may help boost overall immunity in senior dogs.