How To Use Our Protein Calculator
Our Promix Protein Calculator is designed to work for someone that is new to training and for the experienced/elite athlete. Choose the path of questions that is appropriate for you and answer the questions truthfully to give the most accurate protein recommendation. Individual data is never shared or published.
Nutritional Value Of Protein
The nutritional value of a protein is measured by the quantity of essential amino acids it contains.
Different foods contain different amounts of essential amino acids. Generally:
- Animal products have all of the essential amino acids and are known as ‘complete’ protein .
- Soy products, quinoa and the seed of a leafy green called amaranth also have all of the essential amino acids.
- Plant proteins usually lack at least one of the essential amino acids and are considered ‘incomplete’ proteins.
People following a strict vegetarian or vegan diet need to choose a variety of protein sources from a combination of plant foods every day to make sure they get an adequate mix of essential amino acids. If you follow a vegetarian or vegan diet, as long as you eat a wide variety of foods, you can usually get the protein you need. For example, a meal containing cereals and legumes, such as baked beans on toast, provides all the essential amino acids found in a typical meat dish.
How Much Is Too Much Protein In Dogs
Although protein is necessary for dog nutrition, like everything else, too much is never good. It means that too much protein in your dogs diet might not be good too.
Dogs will only be able to digest and absorb the protein that their body needs for maintaining their muscle mass and other tissues. Any excess protein in their diet can either be disposed of through urine or stored in their body as fat.
If your pets are putting on weight, it might be ideal for checking the amount of protein you are giving them. Also, if there are yellow spots in your backyard where your dog is usually doing its business, that might also be because of too much protein in its diet.
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How Much Protein Does A Dog Need
The amount of protein required in a dogs diet depends on several factors, such as your dogs age, current health status, reproductive status, and the dogs activity level. But there are several ways and guides to help you make sure that you give enough protein to your dogs.
As a rough approximation, the protein required for a dog will depend on its ideal body weight. So, a 30-lb dog at its ideal body weight will most likely need 30 grams of protein daily. An overweight dog, like a 38-lb dog that should be just around 30-lbs, the protein requirement should be 30 grams per day.
The AAFCO has also set minimum standards for necessary nutrients for pets. The most basic guide from AAFCO in terms of protein for dogs is 22.5% for dog growth and reproduction and 18% for adult maintenance. But, if you can find dog foods that meet the standard of AAFCO, that will ensure that your dog gets the minimum nutrients needed.
The FEDIAF has also released a more detailed version of the AAFCO pet nutrient standard. For dogs in early growth and reproduction requires 25 grams of protein or 100 grams of dry matter. Dogs in late growth require 20 grams of protein or 100 grams of dry matter.
Adult dogs that eat more because of high energy levels will need 18 grams of protein or 100 grams of dry matter. For adult dogs that eat less because of low energy levels, it requires more protein, about 21 grams of protein or 100 grams of dry matter.
Protein Intakes And Health
Protein is relatively ubiquitous in the food system so a diet which is deficient in protein is also likely to be deficient in other nutrients such as vitamins and minerals. In developing countries where access to a balanced dis challenging, protein-energy malnutrition can develop, which can lead to the conditions kwashiorkor or marasmus characterised by thinness. Protein deficiency in the body can occur in anyone at times of increased demand , increased losses or dysregulation in protein metabolism.
In terms of where we get protein from in the diet, the relative merits of plant versus animal derived protein are key for both nutrition science and environmental sustainability. Dietary guidelines around the world, including the UK, US and Canada promote a shift towards getting more protein from plant-based sources such as beans, peas, lentils and less from meat and meat products, particularly red and processed meats, as this tends to result in a dietary pattern that provides protein, with less saturated fat and salt and more fibre.
Table 2. Mean daily intakes of selected foods from the Beans, pulses, fish, eggs, meat and other proteins food group
Table 3. Target intakes and possible ranges for dietary protein sources in the EAT Lancet planetary diet
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Protein Grams Per Day
As an alternative to the percentage approach, you can target a specific number of protein grams per day. One simple way to get a range of protein grams per day is to translate the percent range into a specific protein gram range. The math is easy.
Each gram of protein contains four calories. Simply divide the two calorie range numbers by four. Someone who eats 2,000 calories per day should consume 200 to 700 calories from protein, or 50 to 175 grams of protein.
Protein Helps You Feel Full Longer
One of the biggest things that impedes weight loss is hunger.
People are far less likely to stick with a nutrition or diet plan if they experience high levels of hunger.
Protein is the most satiating of all the macronutrients .
Several different lines of research have all pointed to the same thing: higher protein intakes tend to provide more satiety and less hunger.
For example, in one study, high protein snacks allowed people to go longer between eating and also caused them to eat less at subsequent meals .
Another study showed that including protein into a glass of water decreased hunger compared to water alone .
Depending on the source of protein, there does appear to be minor differences in the exact amount of satiety that protein provides, however these differences are minor and dont really make a meaningful impact for most people .
Currently, there is no consensus on the optimal level of daily protein intake in ones diet with regard to stay full. However, roughly 1.8 – 2.9 grams of protein per kilogram daily appears to provide substantial benefit on satiety .
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Are You Getting Too Much Protein
Judging by all the protein bars, shakes and powders out there, you get the impression you need more protein. There are claims it curbs appetite, helps with weight loss and builds muscle. But whats the real story?
Contrary to all the hype that everyone needs more protein, most Americans get twice as much as they need. This is especially true for males 14-70 years of age, who the 2015 Dietary Guidelines for Americans advise to decrease meat, poultry and egg consumption. Even athletes are often getting more protein than they need, without supplements, because their calorie requirements are higher, and with more food, comes more protein.
True or False: Big steak = bigger muscles
False. Although adequate protein throughout the day is necessary, extra strength training is what leads to muscle growth, not extra protein intake. You cant build muscle without the exercise to go with it.
The body cant store protein, so once needs are met, any extra is used for energy or stored as fat. Excess calories from any source will be stored as fat in the body.
Extra protein intake can also lead to elevated blood lipids and heart disease, because many high-protein foods you eat are high in total fat and saturated fat. Extra protein intake, which can be taxing on the kidneys, poses an additional risk to individuals pre-disposed to kidney disease.
How much protein do I need?
Excessive protein intake would be more than 2 g per kg of body weight each day.
Where does protein come from?
Getting Too Little Protein
Protein deficiency means not getting enough protein in your diet. Protein deficiency is rare in Australia, as the Australian diet generally includes far more protein than we actually need. However, protein deficiency may occur in people with special requirements, such as older people and people following strict vegetarian or vegan diets.
Symptoms of protein deficiency include:
- wasting and shrinkage of muscle tissue
- slow growth .
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Is 100 Grams Of Protein Enough To Build Muscle
As stated above, people in general areadvised to consume a minimum of 0.36 grams of protein per pound of body weight or 0.8 grams of protein per kilogram of body weight per day, but people who prioritize building muscle should aim for more than that minimum. Although theres not one magic number and recommendations vary by person, theAmerican College of Sports Medicine recommends 1.2 to 2.0 grams of protein per kilogram of body weight for athletes. Following that general guideline, consuming closer to 1.6 to 2.0 grams of protein per kilogram of body weight may be beneficial for bodybuilders and those looking to build muscle or maintain lean body mass. In the average 150-pound adult whos actively strength training or resistance training, that might look like 75-120 grams of protein daily 100 grams being most peoples sweet spot. It has been proposed that muscle protein synthesis is maximized in young adults at a dose of around 2025 grams of a high-quality protein.
You may have concerns that eating too much protein is bad for the kidneys, but 100 grams of protein per day is generally safe for healthy adults. High amounts of protein can be harmful to the kidneys if a person already has kidney issues however, for healthy individuals, consuming around 2.2 grams of protein per kilogram is fine, as noted in a 2010 study published in the peer-reviewed journal Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise.
Limited Outside North America
The Ideal Protein Diet is featured in over 3,500 clinics and centers across the world.
However, most of these sites are in North America, making the diet difficult to follow elsewhere.
Keep in mind that the diet cannot be followed without a supporting clinic.
There is a virtual support center for people in areas where clinics are unavailable. Still, if you go this route, you may need to import meals to your country.
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How Much Protein Do You Really Need
Every cell in your body contains protein. But what is protein, which foods contain it, how much do you need each day and why?
Dr Lindy AlexanderFebruary 2018
If youve gone down the health food section of your supermarket lately, you may have noticed the large range of protein products and powders on offer. Claiming to promote everything from more energy to weight loss and bigger muscles, protein seems to be the must-have for health. But is the hype justified?
What is protein?
Protein is an essential nutrient in our diet. It plays an important role in muscle growth and repair as well contributing to enzyme and hormone production.
The building blocks of proteins are called amino acids, and theyre chemically linked to each other to form various combinations of proteins, says Tim McMaster, accredited practising dietitian and spokesperson for the Dietitians Association of Australia.
There are 20 different types of amino acids and theyre broken up into 2 main categories those that can be made by the human body and those that must be provided through the diet .
Why do we need protein?
Every cell in the human body contains protein and it makes up about half of our dry body weight. The protein we eat is broken down and helps to maintain muscle mass and metabolism.
A severe lack of protein can affect almost every part of the bodys function and lead to muscle wastage and a poor immune system.
How much protein do you really need?
The best sources of protein
Getting More Protein Into Your Day Naturally
If youre looking for ways to get more protein into your diet, here are some suggestions:
- Try a peanut butter sandwich. Remember to use natural peanut butter with no added salt, sugar or other fillers.
- Low-fat cottage or ricotta cheese is high in protein and can go in your scrambled eggs, casserole, mashed potato or pasta dish. Or spread it on your toast in the morning.
- Nuts and seeds are fantastic in salads, with vegetables and served on top of curries. Try toasting some pine nuts or flaked almonds and putting them in your green salad.
- Beans are great in soups, casseroles, and pasta sauces. Try tipping a drained can of cannellini beans into your favourite vegetable soup recipe or casserole.
- A plate of hummus and freshly cut vegetable sticks as a snack or hummus spread on your sandwich will give you easy extra protein at lunchtime.
- Greek yoghurt is a protein rich food that you can use throughout the day. Add some on your favourite breakfast cereal, put a spoonful on top of a bowl of pumpkin soup or serve it as dessert with some fresh fruit.
- Eggs are a versatile and easy option that can be enjoyed on their own or mixed in a variety of dishes.
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How Much Protein Do I Need For Weight Loss
If youre looking to build muscle while also losing weight, youll want to keep your protein intake high but lower your carbohydrate intake slightly. The goal is to get plenty of protein while controlling overall calorie intake. People looking to only build muscle should increase the amount of calories they consume for ultimate muscle growth, but if weight loss is part of the end-goal, then youll want to be mindful of total calories.
Your protein needs for weight loss will depend on what your activity level is roughly anywhere between 1.2-1.8 grams per kilogram, with 1.6 being the sweet spot for maintaining and building muscle while losing weight. Youll need to eat enough to ensure your body has the fuel it needs for necessary processes, but achieving weight loss might require a reduction or adjustment in your daily calorie intake.
Can Too Much Protein Be Harmful
The short answer is yes. As with most things in life, there can be too much of a good thing and if you eat too much protein, there may be a price to pay. For example, people that eat very high protein diets have a higher risk of kidney stones. Also a high protein diet that contains lots of red meat and higher amounts of saturated fat might lead to a higher risk of heart disease and colon cancer, while another high protein diet rich in plant-based proteins may not carry similar risks.
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You’re Trying To Lose Weight
Protein takes longer to digest than carbs, helping you feel full, and also pushes your body to secrete the gut hormone peptide YY, which reduces hunger. “When you bring protein to about 30% of your daily calories, you’ll naturally eat less,” says Lauren Slayton, RD, founder of Foodtrainers, a nutrition practice in New York City, and author of The Little Book of Thin. “Protein decreases appetite and also, in my experience, helps you manage cravings.”
While studies are mixed about whether consuming more protein leads to weight loss, research is pretty clear that protein can help you retain more of your lean muscle as you lose fat. One 2011 study suggests amping up protein to as much as 1.8 to 2 grams per kilogram of body weight per day to stave off muscle loss when restricting calories. Cut back on refined carbs to balance out the extra calories from adding protein.
May Reduce Heart Disease Risk Factors
During the weight loss phase, the Ideal Protein Diet closely resembles a ketogenic diet.
Studies have shown that low-carb and ketogenic diets can improve heart disease risk factors.
For instance, a review of studies showed that low-carb diets not only reduced body weight but lowered two heart disease risk factors total and bad LDL cholesterol
In another analysis of studies, obese people who followed a ketogenic diet experienced a significant decrease in systolic and diastolic blood pressure, visceral fat, fasting blood sugars, blood insulin levels and blood triglyceride levels .
The Ideal Protein Diet offers several potential benefits, including weight loss, ease of use, professional support, increased insulin sensitivity and reduced heart disease risk.
While the Ideal Protein Diet has several potential benefits, it also has a few drawbacks.
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How Much Protein Should You Eat Per Day
Surprisingly, the most common recommendations for how much protein you should eat per day when youre trying to improve your body dont typically vary by too much and instead tend to fall within a similar range.
For most of the people, most of the time, that recommended range is:
Ideal Daily Protein Intake: 0.8-1.5 grams of protein per pound of body weight.
Of course, that range is a bit broad. So, heres my recommendations for how to narrow it down to whats best for you
Different Amount Of Protein For Different Age Groups
The recommended amount of protein varies depending upon your age, activity level, body weight, and health status. However, the recommendation that 10-35% of the calories in your diet should be composed of protein is rather unfounded. It is not the amount of protein you need to specifically worry about but its the sources of protein that matter.
Many people worry that if they increase their protein intake, they will eat too much red meat and saturated fat instead of vegetables, fiber, and nutrients. The other worry is that increasing your protein intake will cause your body to excrete calcium and manufacture oxalate and purines which could lead to the formation of kidney stones and a condition known as gout.
These situations are possible if your consumption of red meat is quite high. Its true that red meat is high in saturated fat and can also cause metabolic disturbances in susceptible people. Protein from red meat which is commercially-raised also contains a great deal of arachidonic acid which can increase levels of inflammation inside the body.
Try to consume approximately 40% of your calories from protein. So considering that protein contains four calories per gram, if you are eating 2,000 calories per day, you would need approximately 125 grams of protein per day.
Fetters, A., How Much Protein Do You Really Need? Yahoo! web site , last accessed Dec.9, 2013.
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