The Dangers Of High Protein Dog Foods
Choosing what to feed your dog can be an overwhelming decision. Pet food stores are packed with row after row of different brands of food all containing clever marketing slogans to convince you they are the best for your dog. Many of these dog foods boast about containing extremely high levels of protein that claim to satisfy your dogs instinctual need for meat as well as make them healthier and live longer.
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How Is The Ga Calculated
The data provided in the GA is calculated through either computer software, which maintains a database of the nutrient content of all ingredients, or through laboratory analysis.
PFI members employ advanced formulation methods to ensure every batch of their dog and cat food deliver all the nutrients indicated in the GA.
Further Proof That The Crude Protein Method Is An Unreliable Method For Comparing Dog Foods
Lets look at this from the point of view of the synthesis of proteins in a dogs body. Dogs, humans, and animals, in general, cannot synthesize protein if the food we eat does not contain the full spectrum of the essential acids needed.
Moreover, theres no single protein source that contains all essential amino acids. So, at every point in time, animals need a variety of protein sources.
Plus, the amount of amino acids required by dogs vary from breed to breed, from age to age and even from gender to gender.
Understanding this, therefore, we begin to see the folly in comparing foods based on their crude protein content. Crude protein tells you nothing, just their nitrogen content which could literally be from any protein source, good or bad.
Plus, crude protein tells you nothing of the amino acid profile of the food in question. Just how many of these essential amino acids does this food contain? Crude protein levels cannot answer that question.
So, you cant just say that two foods are of the same quality just because they have the same crude protein content without comparing their amino acid profile to see just how much essential acids they actually contain and if they meet your dogs physiological requirement.
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Additional Nutrients Listed In The Ga
Some pet food products may contain a GA for additional nutrients. If a product label makes a claim that mentions a specific nutrient, that nutrient is also required to be included in the GA.
The pet food maker may also voluntarily list additional nutrients at their discretion to aid with informing consumers and strengthening the assurance of that pet food recipes nutritional adequacy.
The GA is just one part of the many steps pet food makers and regulators take to provide nutritious and safe food for your dog or cat.
*Linda P Case, MS Daniel P Carey, DVM and Diane A Hirakawa, PhD, Canine and Feline Nutrition A Resource for Companion Animal Professionals, Mosby-Year Book, Inc 1995, page 154
Some Standard Nutritional Needs
If your dog is healthy, there are some general rules about what protein and fat percentages they need depending on their life stage and activity level:
- Puppies need 28% protein and 17% fat.
- Adult dogs need 18% protein and 9-15% fat.
- Pregnant and lactating dogs need 28% protein and 17% fat.
- Active and working dogs need 25-35% protein and 20% fat.
- Senior Dogs 21% protein and 13% fat.
Dogs of all ages will also generally need 3-5% fiber to maintain a healthy digestive tract.
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Purina Pro Plan Veterinary Diets Nf Kidney Function Formula Canned Dog Food
The Purina NF Kidney Function Canned Canine Formula is scientifically formulated to help minimize the signs of kidney failure and slow down the diseases progression. To support proper and healthy kidney function it has low protein levels, low phosphorus levels, reduced sodium levels and high omega fatty acids levels. Low protein levels help reduce the workload of the kidneys. Low phosphorus prevents kidney damage, while reduced levels of sodium help compensate the damaged kidneys inability to regulate this important mineral. Increased levels of omega-3 fatty acids help reduce glomerular hypertension. The added B-complex vitamins help by protecting the body and ensure the easy break down of nutrients. Additionally, it serves as a complete and balanced source of nutrition for the maintenance of adult dogs.
Purina NF, Canned Dog Foods first 5 ingredients are water sufficient for processing, meat by-products, rice, corn grits, and beef. The formula is indicated for dogs with acute and chronic kidney disease, hepatic disease associated with encephalopathy and for dogs suffering from any condition that would benefit from restricted sodium levels.
- Crude Protein
- Specifically designed therapeutic diet for dogs with renal issues
- Low protein, low phosphorus, reduced sodium and increase omega fatty acids to support proper kidney function
- Complete and balanced nutrition
- Highly palatable, as with other canned foods
- Made in the USA
What Does Crude Mean
Crude does not refer to the quality or the type of ingredient listed, instead it refers to the specific method of measuring the nutrient. Since each batch will vary in minute percentages based on uncontrollable factors, crude essential means roughly. Since fiber and fat are crucial to the health of a dog, the crude protein percentage is the minimum so that it is guaranteed to always have at least that percent and may in fact have a higher percentage from time to time. The same is true on the flip side, since too much moisture or fiber can compromise the value of the product, they are listed as maximums. The food may actually contain less by batch.
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Why Is Crude Fat Beneficial
Fat is an essential nutrient for your dog to help provide them with the energy they need. Fat also helps them insulate and cushion their body and getting too much or too little fat can become a health risk for your dog.
Dietary fats and fatty acids that are found in your dogs food are mainly derived from animal fats and seed oils from different types of plants such as corn oil, coconut oil, canola oil, and olive oil. This is typically where the flavor comes from that your dog loves so much.
These fats and fatty acids help your dogs cell structure and function and are needed to help keep their skin and fur coat healthy. If your puppy does not get the fat it needs during its growth and development, it could grow dry, coarse hair and develop skin lesions that could be cause for infection.
For optimal health, your pet needs a mixture of both Omega-3 fatty acids as well as Omega-6 fatty acids. If their diet is low in Omega-3 fats, they could have problems with their vision or develop a learning impairment. If their diet is low in Omega-6 fats, there could be physiologic effects on the body and impact their growth negatively.
If you are purchasing or having your dog food homemade, it is essential that it has just enough fat in for your dogs diet and contains both Omega-3 and Omega-6. While different ingredients carry different amounts of each fatty acid, ensuring that there is not too much or too little will benefit their health.
What Does Crude Protein Really Mean In Dry Dog Food
What Does Crude Protein Really Mean in a Dry Dog Food?
The most popular blog Ive ever written was about what crude protein really means and whether the amount of crude protein in kibble is a reliable way to judge the best dog food for your own pooch. So I want to tell people who may not know it that I think the words crude protein should have a blinking caution light on dog food labels because these two words can be misleading. If there is a high percentage of crude protein on a dog food label we might assume it indicates high quality protein, and top notch food but if we really understood what those two words mean, we would think about it differently when choosing a dog food for our tail-wagging family members.
Protein is the most expensive ingredient in any food, whether for pets or people. Protein especially good quality protein from muscle meat is the most costly part of a meal and therefore, savvy pet owners have learned to seek out high protein pet foods, believing those foods are the best. But there is a huge difference in where that protein comes from! To me, the most significant advantage Halo has over other kibble is that they use meat in their recipes real meat, the way they do in their canned foods and they do not use any rendered products or meal to achieve their protein content. Its the only kibble I will feed my own dogs as part of their daily meals.
Halo is a sponsor on Radio Pet Lady Network, by our invitation.
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Can I Make My Own Balanced Dog Food
Nontraditional diets, including home-prepared meals for dogs, are completely possible, and with some medical conditions, may be needed. Keep in mind that not all foods that benefit people can be absorbed, tolerated, or are even safe for your dog.
As a pet owner, you should consult with an expert in the field to ensure that your pets individual daily requirements are met. Consider a consultation with a board-certified veterinary nutritionist or a primary care veterinarian who practices advanced nutritional health to ensure that all meals are balanced and formulated for your dogs lifestyle and needs.
In the meantime, BalanceIt is a website created by board-certified veterinary nutritionists to help with the creation of homemade pet food diets. This website should be used in conjunction with a nutritional consultation and with the help of your veterinarian to ensure the correct amounts of ingredients are added for your pets individual needs.
A Word About Aafco Regulations
Dog food manufacturers that adhere to the AAFCO standards are allowed to put the wording ‘a complete and balanced diet’ on their food bags.
This means that the food has been tested during feeding trials and is considered a well balanced diet…. however, not ALL foods whose label carries these words provide the nutrition that your dog needs!
To get all the information you need to understand AAFCO regulations, dog food ingredients, the different dietary needs of puppies, large breed dogs, small breeds and super-active dogs and much more, visit my About Commercial Dog Food page.
It’s packed full of important information and will help you understand and interpret these comparison charts fully.
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We Aren’t The Only People That Have Converted To Making Homemade Dog Food And Are Loving The Results Check Out The Links Below For More Homemade Dog Food Recipes Your Pup Will Love
Homemade Dog Food Recipe from College Housewife || Elizabeth’s sweet dog Rascal suffered from all sorts of health issues which led them to having him allergy tested. Turns out Rascal was allergic to all sorts of things – even beef! So, Elizabeth developed a homemade dog food recipe that is just perfect for Rascal’s sensitive belly that is filled with ground turkey, sweet potatoes, carrots, and zucchini squash and macaroni noodles!
DIY Homemade Dog Food from Damn Delicious||Chungah’s dog Butter’s battle with stomach issues led her to start making dog food at home. This recipe is easy to make and super good for your pups too! It combines a delicious blend of 50% protein, 25% veggies and 25% grains and is made of ingredients like ground chicken, brown rice, shredded zucchini, spinach, carrots, and peas.
Complete And Balanced Dog Food Should Follow Aafco Guidelines
AFFCO is a private, nonprofit organization that defines the ingredients used in animal feed and pet food.
AAFCO helps ensure that animal feed and pet food products have undergone the appropriate analyses and have the necessary, required nutrients. A nutritional adequacy statement by the Association of American Feed Control Officials helps pet parents identify products that meet their dogs daily nutrient requirements.
AAFCO Label Requirements
Every pet diet and supplemental diet should include a statement from AAFCO and proper labeling to help consumers understand how much of each nutrient is needed daily and for what life stages. Keep in mind that pet food labels are different than human food product labels, which makes comparing food products difficult.
There are eight things that should be included on the bag or can:
Brand and product name
Medical and behavioral conditions
A large portion of energy in the diet comes from fats and proteins, followed by carbohydrates. The energy content of a diet determines the quality of the food and how much food should be consumed on a daily basis. The diet should meet the daily energy requirements of your dogs individual needs.
For example, dogs eating a diet that is high in energy will eat a smaller amount. It is important in this case to ensure that the percentage of other essential nutrients is high enough to meet the smaller volume consumed.
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Preservatives And Artificial Flavors
Artificial preservatives, colors or flavors are potentially problematic and unnecessary. You should always choose food that doesnt contain them. Instead always look for the products that have all natural, high-quality ingredients. These meals are delicious without artificial flavors. Not to mention they are more healthy.
Protein Fact #: There Is No Direct Link That Protein Contributes To Musculoskeletal Growth Disorders In Large Breed Dogs
Studies have shown that differences in protein intake with levels of 15%, 23% and 32% protein did not affect the occurrence of skeletal development in Great Danes. The bigger culprits that directly correlate with orthopedic problems in large breed puppies are excess calorie intake or increased calcium levels due to over-supplementation.
Crave Perfect For Adult Dogs
First Five Ingredients:
Salmon and chicken meal are the two most important ingredients in this great formula. Crave Grain free High protein Dry Dog Food has carbohydrates that come from high-quality sources such as chickpeas. It is high very high in protein at 34 percent which will keep your pet full for a more extended period.
This recipe will provide your furry friend with essential nutrients he needs for a strong immune system, bags of energy lean body and healthy skin and coat. It doesnt contain artificial preservatives, flavors or coloring, no by-products, wheat, or soy.
The great thing about this recipe is that it is suitable for adult canines of any breed. It is very affordable compared to other high-quality foods with good protein, and an excellent option for owners with a limited budget.
A Look At The Role Protein Plays In Your Canines Diet And What You Can Do To Ensure Hes Getting Enough Of It
We know how important protein is in our daily diet, but what about our dogs? What type of protein is best for canines, and how much do they need to thrive? Health, wellness, and good nutrition are at the forefront of our minds, so naturally, we want the same for our four-legged family members. With that said, protein plays an important role that we will explore further.
What Makes A Dog Food High
AAFCO has published guidelines for low fat or low-calorie diets, but they dont discuss high protein food. On the other hand, they have also published nutrient requirements for dogs. These state that reproductively active female pets and puppies require foods that have at least 22.5 percent protein while the adult canine food should include at least 18 percent.
Foods high in protein and low in fat makes your pets meal great with high level of nutrients. It will have at least 30 percent of this nutrient in its recipe. So, always check the label before you choose your pets meal, because not all food has a high protein level.
Calculating The True Nutritional Value Of The Dog Food
Figuring out the dry matter content in dog food is a pretty simple process. You will use this equation:
100 Moisture Content = dry matter
You will use this equation with both wet and dry food. Once your have the dry matter content you can then determine what the true percentage of protein, fat, and fiber content of the dog food.
To calculate the true percentages use this formula:
- Guaranteed Crude Protein ÷ Dry Matter Content x 100 = True Protein Content
- Guaranteed Crude Fat ÷ Dry Matter Content x 100 = True Fat Content
- Guaranteed Crude Fiber ÷ Dry Matter Content x 100 = True Fiber Content
So for example if your dog food has 10% moisture, 25% protein, 14% fat, and 3.5% fiber, you will do the following equations:
- For dry matter: 100 10% = 90%
- For Protein: 25% ÷ 90% x 100 = 27.7%
- For Fat: 14% ÷ 90% x 100 = 15.5%
- For Fiber: 3.5% ÷ 90% x 100 = 3.8%
As you can see using this formula shows that this particular food has higher levels of nutritional content than what is actually listed. So armed with this knowledge you can make a better choice for your dog.
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How Much Crude Fat Do Dogs Need
Depending on your dogs age, health condition, and whether or not they are pregnant or lactating impacts the amount of crude fat that should be in your dogs food.
If you have a puppy that weighs approximately 12lbs and will be 33lbs at maturity, it is recommended that it gets 21g of total fat in its diet per day.
Since most pet food labels will list the number of nutrients in a percentage, here is an easy way to transfer that number to grams or ounces.
Take the portion size in either grams or ounces and multiply it by the percentage as a decimal.
For example, if you feed your dog 1lb of pet food, and the amount of crude fat is 5%, the math would be 0.05 x 454g = 22.7g or 0.05 x 16oz = 0.8oz.
If you have an adult dog that weighs approximately 33lbs , your dog is recommended to have less crude fat in their diet and only have 14g per day.
However, a pregnant adult dog or nursing adult dog is recommended to increase the amount of fat in their diet greatly. The amount of fat differs once the puppies have been born to help support the production of the milk supply.
While your dog is pregnant, they should have a daily intake of 29g of total fat per day, and once they have given birth and are producing milk for their litter, it increases to 67g per day.
Overall, the total crude fat in a dogs diet should be equal to about 5.5% of the dogs diet as too much or too little can cause issues in their health if they are otherwise healthy.