How The Diet Works
The hemochromatosis diet is intended to meet the unique nutritional needs of a person with hemochromatosis. The diet consists of fresh fruits, vegetables, whole grains, an adequate intake of protein, and a limited amount of red meat, citrus fruits, sugars, and dairy. Whole foods are encouraged whenever possible.
How To Make Sure Youre Absorbing Enough Iron
Wondering what helps with iron absorption? Here are some helpful tips to remember from Zumpano:
- Consume foods that are rich in iron, specifically non-heme iron, with a source of vitamin C. Foods with vitamin A and beta-carotene help absorption as well. These foods include carrots, sweet potatoes, spinach, kale, squash, red peppers, cantaloupe, apricots, oranges and peaches.
- Limit the amount of calcium that you consume with foods that are rich in iron as calcium can block iron absorption.
- Eat a quality diet thats filled with healthy sources of nutrients.
- If youve been trying to get iron in pill form, check to see if youre taking a calcium supplement or a multivitamin thats high in calcium. Talk to your doctor to make sure that a supplement wont be harder for your body to absorb.
How Much Iron Do I Need
Your recommended daily intake of iron depends on your age and sex:
- Children aged 1-3 years 9 milligrams
- Children 4-8 10mg
- Men aged over 19 8mg
- Women aged 19-50 18mg
- Women breastfeeding exclusively 9-10mg
Women need more iron to replace the amount lost in blood during menstruation. Until menopause, women need about twice as much iron as men.
Iron deficiency occurs when the iron levels are too low, which can lead to anaemia. If you are worried you have an iron deficiency, your doctor may order some blood tests and may suggest iron supplements. You should always speak to your doctor before you take iron supplements as you could poison yourself if you take too much.
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The Top 20 Foods High In Iron
Last Updated on July 23, 2020 by Michael Joseph
Iron is an essential micronutrient that plays a crucial role in the production of blood, oxygen transportation, and growth and development.
The daily reference intake for iron is 18 mg for adults .
Unfortunately, this mineral is also one of the worlds most common nutrient deficiencies.
For example, the National Health and Nutrition Examinations Survey found that the rate of iron-deficiency anemia almost doubled in the United States between 2003 and 2012 .
This article takes a look at the 20 best foods high in iron from both animal-based and plant-based sources.
All nutritional values are courtesy of the USDAs FoodData Central database.
How Your Body Uses Iron In Food
When you eat food with iron, iron is absorbed into your body mainly through the upper part of your small intestine.
There are two forms of dietary iron: heme and nonheme. Heme iron is derived from hemoglobin. It is found in animal foods that originally contained hemoglobin, such as red meats, fish, and poultry . Your body absorbs the most iron from heme sources. Most nonheme iron is from plant sources.
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Factors Affecting The Absorption Of Iron:
- Consuming iron-rich foods in combination with foods rich in vitamin C like lemons, oranges, tomatoes etc. increases the absorption of iron.
- Cooking our food in iron cookware specially cast iron pans increases the iron content of the food.
- Having tea or coffee along with meals reduces the absorption of iron by 70 to 80 per cent.
- Soaking and sprouting improve the absorption of iron in the body.
- Heme iron obtained from animal sources like meat, poultry, seafood is better absorbed by the body than non-heme iron from plant sources like grains, nuts, seeds, vegetables etc.
Oysters Mussels And Clams Are Rich Sources Of Iron
Go ahead and splurge on the seafood appetizer it comes with a generous side of iron! Bivalve mollusks like clams, mussels, and oysters are loaded with the important nutrient, according to the Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health. Per the USDA, five raw oysters deliver 3.23 mg of iron, making it a good source. They are also an excellent source of zinc, with 27.5 mg, as well as vitamin B12, with 6.1 micrograms.
If oysters, mussels, and clams aren’t on your regular menu, common seafood choices have some iron as well, according to the Mayo Clinic. For example, 3 ounces of chinook salmon has 0.2 mg of iron, per the USDA.
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Sesame Seeds: 42 Mg 23% Dv
Nuts and seeds are a snacker’s dream: They’re high in nutrients like good-for-you fat and plant-based protein, and you can eat them by the handful or mix them into yogurt or trail mix. Sesame seeds are particularly high in iron with 23 percent of the recommended daily intake per ounce as well as calcium, and they’re a tasty topping for any stir-fry.
Morel Mushrooms: 8 Mg 45% Dv
If you can find them, morel mushrooms are a delicacy and an excellent source of non-heme iron with 45 percent of your DV per cup. Morel mushrooms are also one of the rare foods that contain vitamin D, with 17 percent of the recommended intake per cup. While it might be hard to eat an entire cup of mushrooms, cooking them in a stir-fry or pasta is a good way to easily get them into your diet.
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Vegan Foods High In Protein And Iron
While you can address them individually, its also possible to base your diet around foods that are relatively high in both iron and protein for convenience.
Ive collected a list of vegan foods that are high in protein and iron, shown in the table just below on this page.
Dried Apricots: 75 Mg 42% Dv
When it comes to finding fruits that are high in iron, your best bet is to go dried. While dried fruit can get a bad rap for being high in sugar, but they also deliver fiber and potassium as well as other important nutrients. Dried apricots in particular are a surprising source of iron, with 42 percent of the daily recommended intake per cup compared to just 3 percent in its fresh counterpart . That’s because the nutrients in dried fruits are more concentrated.
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How Do You Take Propan Vitamins
To be taken once a day or as prescribed by the physician. Propan TLC Drops is an orange-flavored vitamin preparation with Taurine plus Chlorella Growth Factor. It is recommended as a dietary supplement for infants to help promote growth, strength, and good health.
Fortified Cereal: 196 Mg 109% Daily Value
If you’re looking for foods high in iron for kids, don’t shy away from cereal. One of the best breakfast foods high in iron, fortified cereals can be incredibly nutritious in some cases, they pack more than 100 percent of the Daily Value of iron per 3/4 cup. Cereals are often also fortified with B vitamins, making them a good choice for vegetarians and vegans because this nutrient is mainly found in animal products.
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Foods To Fight Iron Deficiency
You may pump iron at the gym a few times a week, but your body pumps it continuously through the bloodstream every day. Iron is needed to make hemoglobin, a part of red blood cells that acts like a taxicab for oxygen and carbon dioxide. It picks up oxygen in the lungs, drives it through the bloodstream and drops it off in tissues including the skin and muscles. Then, it picks up carbon dioxide and drives it back to the lungs where it’s exhaled.
If the body doesn’t absorb its needed amount of iron, it becomes iron deficient. Symptoms appear only when iron deficiency has progressed to iron deficiency anemia, a condition in which the body’s iron stores are so low that not enough normal red blood cells can be made to carry oxygen efficiently. Iron deficiency is one of the most common nutritional deficiencies and the leading cause of anemia in the United States.
The body absorbs two to three times more iron from animal sources than from plants. Some of the best animal sources of iron are:
- Lean beef
Although you absorb less of the iron in plants, every bite counts, and adding a source of vitamin C to vegetarian sources of iron will enhance absorption. Some of the best plant sources of iron are:
- Beans and lentils
- Dark green leafy vegetables such as spinach
- Fortified breakfast cereals
The following populations are at a higher risk for developing iron deficiency.
How to Prevent Iron Deficiency
Oatmeal: 21 Mg 12% Dv
If oatmeal isn’t your favorite breakfast food, maybe its nutritional benefits will convince you. A bowl of oats whether you prefer quick, steel-cut or old-fashioned will jump-start your day thanks to its heart-healthy fiber and complex carbs. Plus, it packs 12 percent of the recommended dietary intake for iron in one cooked cup. Mix in your favorite nut butters for more protein and flavor. Try the iron-rich grain in these easy savory oatmeal recipes.
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Why You Need Iron In Your Diet
Iron is a vital component of hemoglobin, which makes it an important mineral that our bodies need in order to carry oxygen so that our cells can produce energy, says registered dietitian . If we dont have enough iron, we will not have enough red blood cells to transport oxygen. This leads to extreme fatigue and lightheadedness, Zumpano adds.
Iron is also essential for brain development and growth, and the production of many other cells and hormones in the body.
Without adequate iron stores, individuals can develop a condition called iron-deficiency anemia the most common nutritional deficiency worldwide. Its associated with symptoms like fatigue, weakness, trouble maintaining body heat, pale skin, dizziness, headache, and an inflamed tongue, says Zumpano.
Foods With More Iron Than Beef
Featured Recipe: Smoky Grilled Flank Steak
Iron is an essential nutrient for so many important reasonsfrom keeping our energy levels up all day to transporting oxygen to our blood and regulating our body temperature. Unfortunately, low iron intake is pretty common in our countryespecially in womenwhich can lead to iron deficiency anemia, a blood disorder.
Luckily, you don’t have to chow down on a steak to get the biggest iron bang for your buck. However, there are different types of iron. Meat and seafood contain heme and nonheme iron, whereas vegetarian sources only contain nonheme iron. Lisa Valente, MS, RD and EatingWell’s Senior Nutrition Editor recommends pairing iron-rich foods with vitamin C. “Nonheme iron isn’t as easily absorbed, so if you do eat mostly plant-based iron-rich foods try to eat them with vitamin C. Think of a spinach and citrus or berry salad or eating beans with tomatoes,” she says.
Most adult women need 18mg of iron daily, whereas men only need 8mg . Preventing iron deficiency can start with incorporating more plant proteins, leafy greens and good carbs in your dietwith room for delicacies like creamy dark chocolate and half-shell oysters. Looks like getting enough iron will be a whole lot easier than it seems. Here are eight delicious foods with more iron than a 3-ounce serving of beef:
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Why You Need Iron
Your body needs iron to function properly. Too little will lead to an iron deficiency. Too much can cause iron poisoning. The average amount of iron a vegan needs is 32 milligrams per day for women and 14 milligrams per day for men. Vegans need up to 1.8 times more iron than people who eat meat.
Iron plays an important part in proper bodily functions, including:
Blood Production Health
Your skin, hair, and nails appear stronger and healthier due to the synthesis of collagen, a protein needed for joint and skin health. Collagen is made by iron, a component of the enzymes essential for proper production. Iron is found in muscle cells. Called myoglobin, it helps muscles accept, store, and transport oxygen.
Iron makes up certain proteins essential for energy metabolism. The right amount of iron improves general energy and increases focus. Low levels of iron can lead to an iron deficiency called anemia. The symptoms of anemia include:
These 6 foods are great sources of vegan-friendly iron:
1. Blackstrap molasses
Blackstrap molasses is the best source of nonheme iron. Only 2 tablespoon contains 7.2 milligrams of iron. Molasses contains higher amounts of sugar, so intake should be limited.
6. Swiss chard
How To Improve Iron Absorption From Food
How you prepare food, and which foods you eat together, can affect how much iron your body absorbs.
For example, foods rich in vitamin C such as citrus fruits, tomatoes, berries, kiwi fruit, melons, green leafy vegetables and capsicum can help you absorb more iron if you eat them at the same time as iron-rich foods. Add them raw to your plate, drink unsweetened orange juice with your meal, or take a vitamin C supplement.
Its better to have coffee, tea, red wine and dairy foods in between meals.
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Chocolate: 34 Mg 19% Dv
Yes, chocolate contains iron! But before you rip open your favorite bag of candy, know that the type of chocolate matters.
Milk chocolate is mostly made up of simple sugars and provides just 4 percent of your DV of iron per ounce. Dark chocolate contains 19 percent DV of iron per ounce and has been associated with improved heart health and decreased risk of diabetes, according to the Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health.
What Foods Have Non
|Dark red kidney beans, cooked||175 mL|
|Edamame, green soybeans, cooked and shelled||125 mL|
|Medium firm or firm tofu||150 g|
|Quick or large flake oats, prepared||175 mL|
|Sunflower seeds/ kernels, dry roasted||60 mL|
g = gram, mg = milligram, mL = milliliter, tbsp = tablespoon
***Iron amounts in enriched and prepared foods vary. Check the nutrition label for more information. By 2022, all labels will list the amount of iron in milligrams. Until then, some labels will only list the iron as a percent daily value . The daily value used is 14 mg . For example, if a serving of cereal has 25% of the daily value, it has 3.5 mg of iron .
Note: Most of the iron values in the above tables come from the Canadian Nutrient File . If more than one entry for that food item was available in the CNF, an average of the entries was taken.
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Plant Foods High In Iron
As previously mentioned, plant foods offer non-heme iron, which is not as bioavailable as the heme form found in animal foods.
That said, some plant foods can still offer large amounts of the mineral.
Additionally, consuming vitamin C alongside non-heme iron appears to enhance the absorption of the mineral .
Here are ten plant foods high in iron.
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