How To Reduce Protein In Urine
This article was co-authored by Robert Dhir, MD. Dr. Robert Dhir is a board certified Urologist, Urological Surgeon, and the Founder of HTX Urology in Houston, Texas. With over 10 years of experience, Dr. Dhirs expertise includes minimally-invasive treatments for enlarged prostate , kidney stone disease, surgical management of urological cancers, and mens health . His practice has been named a Center of Excellence for the UroLift procedure, and is a pioneer in non-surgical procedures for ED using his patented Wave Therapy. He earned his undergraduate and medical degrees from Georgetown University and was awarded honors in pre-medical studies, urology, orthopedics, and ophthalmology. Dr. Dhir served as chief resident during his urological surgical residency at University of Texas at Houston / MD Anderson Cancer Center in addition to completing his internship in general surgery. Dr. Dhir was voted Top Doctor in Urology for 2018 to 2019, one of the top three Best Rated Urologists in 2019 & 2020 for Houston Texas, and Texas Monthly has named him to the 2019 & 2020 Texas Super Doctors Rising Stars list.wikiHow marks an article as reader-approved once it receives enough positive feedback. In this case, several readers have written to tell us that this article was helpful to them, earning it our reader-approved status. This article has been viewed 218,664 times.
Is It Normal To Have Protein In Urine With A Uti
If your urine protein levels are consistently high, it may indicate kidney damage or other medical condition. These include: Urinary tract infection. Lupus.
Likewise, can urinary tract infection cause high creatinine? High serum creatinine levels in the blood indicate that the kidneys aren’t functioning properly. Your serum creatinine levels may be slightly elevated or higher than normal due to: a blocked urinary tract. kidney problems, such as kidney damage or infection.
Furthermore, is protein in urine bad?
Healthy kidneys act as filters that keep protein in the bloodstream and the body, so most healthy people have very little protein in their urine. The presence of protein in the urine, or proteinuria, is an early indicator of kidney damage and cause for alarm.
What are the side effects of protein in urine?
- Foamy or frothy urine.
- Swelling in hands, feet, or face.
- Dry skin.
What Do The Results Mean
If a large amount of protein is found in your urine sample, it doesn’t necessarily mean that you have a medical problem needing treatment. Strenuous exercise, diet, stress, pregnancy, and other factors can cause a temporary rise in urine protein levels. Your health care provider may recommend additional urinalysis tests if a high level of protein is found This testing may include a 24-hour urine sample test.
If your urine protein levels are consistently high, it may indicate kidney damage or other medical condition. These include:
Learn more about laboratory tests, reference ranges, and understanding results.
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Pregnancy And Trace Ketones In Urine
If abnormal or trace ketones in urine occur during pregnancy then it could be an indication of gestational diabetes. This condition can be detrimental for the unborn child. Hence, pregnant women need to seek immediate medical attention if ketones in urine are detected.
It may also be noted that excessive vomiting and nausea which normally occurs during pregnancy can also lead to elimination of trace ketones in urine.
What Is The Best Cure For High Protein In Urine
Ayurvedic treatment for protein in urine may seem an outdated treatment but let us tell you that its the most effective cure for proteinuria. This holistic medical treatment mainly focusses on the internal body imbalances and correcting them naturally. In short, this natural treatment believes in working on the core of the body to correct any internal imbalance and stimulating bodys overall functionality. As a result, Ayurvedic treatment eradicates the complications of protein loss in urine and by curing the causative factors responsible for the problem. Consequently, Ayurvedic treatment for protein in urine cures your problem effectively by fixing the deep causes. In this program, herbal formulations, ancient therapies, a personalized diet and some lifestyle changes are the main elements of the treatment. Consequently, this natural treatment offers a lasting and risk-free cure to protein in urine and helps a patient live a normal life.
OPT for a reputed Ayurvedic kidney hospital like Kidney and Ayurveda to acquire the best. Overcome protein loss in urine problem with the help of Ayurvedic treatment.
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What Are The Causes
- Diseases of the glomeruli , for example glomerulonephritis or diabetes.
- Urine infection can cause proteinuria, but usually there are other signs of this such as a urinary tract infections.
- Proteinuria can be a symptom of some other conditions and diseases: for example: congestive heart failure, a first warning of eclampsia in pregnancy.
- Sometimes a positive dipstick for protein isnt abnormal, for example concentrated samples first thing in the morning, or if you have become dehydrated or havent drunk much.
- Temporary proteinuria may occur after vigorous exercise or if you have a high fever.
- Sometimes, almost always in children, proteinuria can be detected later in the day, but not in the morning. This is known as orthostatic proteinuria and it is usually harmless.
How Is The Test Used
Urine protein testing is used to detect excess protein in the urine . A semi-quantitative test such as a dipstick urine protein may be used to screen for the presence of protein in the urine as part of a routine urinalysis.
A urine protein test may be used to screen for, help evaluate, and monitor kidney function and to help detect and diagnose early kidney damage and/or disease. However, the test can also help screen for several other conditions that can cause proteinuria.
If slight to moderate amounts of protein are detected, then a repeat urinalysis and dipstick protein may be performed at a later time to see if there is still protein in the urine or if it has become undetectable.
If there is a large amount of protein in the first sample, repeat testing will be ordered. If increased levels of urine protein are observed in follow-up specimens, then a 24-hour urine protein may be ordered along with certain blood tests. Since the dipstick method primarily measures the protein albumin, and if follow-up, repeat urine samples are positive, a 24-hour urine test also may be ordered to obtain more detailed information.
Either a 24-hour urine protein or a random protein to creatinine ratio may be used to monitor a person with known kidney disease or damage. A dipstick urine protein and/or a protein to creatinine ratio may be used to screen people on a regular basis when they are taking a medication that may affect their kidney function.
What Are The Symptoms Of Protein In The Urine
When your kidneys have only mild damage and you have only small levels of protein in your urine, you will not notice any symptoms.
When your kidneys have more severe damage and you have high levels of protein in your urine, you may start to notice symptoms such as:
- Foamy, frothy or bubbly urine
- Swelling in your hands, feet, belly or face
- Urinating more often
If I Have A Positive Urine Protein Test What Other Tests Might Be Done In Follow Up
A positive urine protein test tells your healthcare practitioner that protein is present in your urine, but it does not indicate which types are present or the cause of the proteinuria. When investigating the reason, your healthcare practitioner may order additional laboratory tests, such as:
- Comprehensive metabolic panel includes tests such as BUN, creatinine, albumin and total protein, which help evaluate kidney and liver function
- A full urinalysisif a condition such as urinary tract infection is also suspected
- Serum and urine protein electrophoresis testto determine which proteins are being released into the urine and in what quantities this is especially true if your healthcare practitioner suspects abnormal monoclonal protein production, such as with multiple myeloma or lymphoma.
See the article on Proteinuria for more on follow-up tests.
If kidney disease or damage is suspected, your healthcare practitioner may also order imaging scans to evaluate the appearance of your kidneys.
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Urology Of Greater Atlanta
Protein in the urine may be a sign of serious health problems. To reduce protein levels, you need to tackle the problem that is causing the increase. The team of board-certified urologists at Urology of Greater Atlanta diagnose the cause of protein in urine and other conditions such as blood in the urine and provide appropriate treatment when necessary.
This article will cover why there may be a high level of protein in the urine, how it can be diagnosed, and what you can do about it.
Who Should Be Tested For Protein In The Urine
If you are part of a group that is considered high risk for kidney disease, your doctor will test your urine for protein as part of your regular preventative care. People who are at risk for kidney disease include:
- Those who are 65 or older.
- Those who have a family history of kidney disease.
- Those who have high blood pressure or diabetes.
- Members of certain ethnic groups, including Hispanics, Native Americans, Asians and African Americans.
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Some Of The Common Causes Of The High Content Of Leukocytes In Urine
- Bladder Infection, Urinary Tract Infection or Irritation
- Upper back and side pain
- Pain during sex
Symptoms and the extent of symptoms might vary from person to person. Such symptoms should be referred to a medical practitioner immediately for further diagnosis using various methods such as dipstick test, visual exam, and microscopic examination. At times, the urine test might result in leukocytes and protein in urine but no infection but that is a mere indication of some other infection other than bacterial infection which needs to be examined thoroughly and treated properly.
Usually, the excess amount of protein in the blood cannot be detected without a urine test. However in severe kidney problems, the patient might have foamy, frothy, and bubbly looking urine and the patient might have swollen face, abdomen, feet, and hands.
Causes Of Trace Ketones In Urine
Trace ketones in urine can occur due to a variety of reasons. A few common causes are listed below:
- Fasting or starvation, i.e., not eating any food for 18 hours or more
- Lack of adequate amount of calories from the food being eaten
- Following a strict diet
- Eating disorders that are marked by poor nutrition, i.e., bulimia or anorexia
- High fever caused by infection
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What Causes Trace Of Protein In The Urine
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What Do My Test Results Mean
Test results may vary depending on your age, gender, health history, the method used for the test, and other things. Your test results may not mean you have a problem. Ask your healthcare provider what your test results mean for you.
Results are given in milligrams . Normal urine protein in adults is less than 150 mg within a 24-hour period.
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What Other Tests Might I Have Along With This Test
You may also have a urine albumin-to-creatinine ratio test. This measures the ratio of protein to waste in your urine. You may have an ultrasound of your kidneys. And you may have blood tests, such as antinuclear antibody or complement. These are done to check for conditions that cause kidney problems.
What Causes Proteinuria In Children
Sometimes infection or chemicals damage the kidneys. This affects how well the kidneys work. If your child has an infection, his or her proteinuria will go away once the infection is treated.
Protein in the urine also can be associated with type 1 and type 2 diabetes. Tell your doctor if your child has been excessively thirsty, hungry, unintentionally lost weight, or has fruity-smelling breath. These can be signs of type 1 diabetes.
How Do I Get Ready For This Test
You may need to skip exercising for a certain time before the test. Let your healthcare provider know if you have a fever or have been ill recently.
Your provider will tell you if you should not take certain medicines on the day of the test. In addition, be sure your provider knows about all medicines, herbs, vitamins, and supplements you are taking. This includes medicines that don’t need a prescription and any illegal drugs you may use.
What Kind Of Test To Check For Blood In Urine
A complete urinalysis with sediment exam is the most common diagnostic test used to confirm the presence of urinary tract inflammation or infection, and is often performed in the practice, real time. Other diagnostic tests for blood in the urine include: Treatment for feline hematuria is based on the underlying cause.
What Do You Need To Know About Hematuria In Cats
A urinalysis is used to help determine if the blood is from urinary tract disease or the result of a condition affecting coagulation or bleeding. Blood tests are usually needed to verify or exclude a bleeding or clotting disorder. The most common, general diagnosis for hematuria in cats is cystitis. What is cystitis?
Testing For Protein In Urine
The only way to diagnose proteinuria is through a urine test, which measures the amount of protein in your urine.
The test takes place in a doctors office. During the procedure, you urinate into a specimen cup. The doctor places a dipstick, or a small plastic stick coated with chemicals, into the urine sample. If it has too much protein, the stick will change color.
The rest of the urine will be sent to a lab, where its examined under a microscope.
If your doctor thinks you have kidney issues, theyll repeat the urine test three times in three months. This helps them rule out temporary causes of proteinuria.
A doctor might also use the following tests to determine whats causing your proteinuria:
- 24-hour urine collection. In a 24-hour urine test, your urine is collected over 24 hours and sent to a lab.
- Glomerular filtrate rate blood test. This test checks your kidney function.
- Imaging tests. You may get an ultrasound or CT scan, which take detailed photos of your kidneys and urinary tract.
- Kidney biopsy. A sample of your kidney is removed and examined for signs of kidney damage.
If you have temporary or mild proteinuria, you likely wont need treatment. But if you have consistent proteinuria, youll need to treat the underlying condition.
Treatment may include:
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Asymptomatic Proteinuria And Hematuria Syndrome
, MD, Washington University in St. Louis
Small amounts of protein excreted in the urine or blood excreted in the urine can make urine appear pink, red, or brown, depending on the amount of blood, how long it has been in the urine, and how acidic the urine is. An amount of blood… read more ) are sometimes discovered in people without symptoms when urine tests are done for some routine purpose. The presence of clumps of red blood cells or abnormally shaped red blood cells is a clue for doctors that the blood in the urine came from glomeruli. Casts and proteinuria may be present because the person is recovering from a recent undiagnosed episode of kidney inflammation . It is characterized by body tissue swelling… read more ). If this situation seems likely, a doctor needs only to recheck the person over the next weeks or months to make sure that the abnormalities resolve.
If red blood cells and proteinuria persist, the cause is usually one of three disorders:
Doctors usually recommend that people with asymptomatic proteinuria and hematuria have a physical examination and undergo urine testing once or twice a year. Additional tests are done if the amount of protein or blood increases much, or if symptoms occur that suggest the development of a specific disease. Most people with asymptomatic proteinuria and hematuria syndrome do not worsen, and the condition may persist indefinitely.
What If Proteinuria Is Present Without Inflammation Or Bleeding
If proteinuria is present and there is no sign of inflammation or bleeding, then serious kidney disease may exist. The best test to determine the severity of the problem is the urine protein:creatinine ratio . A protein:creatinine ratio that remains persistently high is a reliable indicator of serious kidney disease and possibly kidney failure. Further investigation is recommended and could include doing blood tests to assess kidney function, testing for bacterial infection or infectious disease, performing an ultrasound of the kidneys and possibly doing a kidney biopsy. Once a diagnosis has been made, effective management of the problem may be possible.
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Protein In The Urine Linked To Life Expectancy
New York, NY Pee in a cup and you might get a clue as to how much longer you will live. A new report published online today in the National Kidney Foundation’s American Journal of Kidney Diseases shows a strong correlation between levels of protein in the urine, or proteinuria, and mortality.
“Our report shows that both men and women with higher levels of proteinuria had substantially reduced life expectancy in comparison to people with relatively low levels of proteinuria,” said the report’s lead author, Dr. Tanvir Chowdhury Turin of the University of Calgary.
According to the National Kidney Foundation, healthy people have very little protein in the urine since the kidneys act as filters to keep protein in the body. Proteinuria is an early indication that the kidneys have been damaged in some way, allowing protein to leak out.
The study analysis was based on lab values from over 810,000 patients in Alberta, Canada who had undergone proteinuria testing in an outpatient setting.
Across the board, results showed that mild or heavy amounts of proteinuria was tied to shorter life spans in men and women between 30 and 85 years of age. For example, the life expectancies of 40-year-old men and women with no proteinuria were 15.2 and 17.4 years longer, respectively, than those with heavy proteinuria. Proteinuria-free men and women also outlived those with mild proteinuria by 8.2 years and 10.5 years, respectively.
Importance of Screening