How Is High Blood Protein Treated
Treatment for high blood protein depends on the underlying cause. For example, if you have hyperproteinemia because of mild dehydration, your doctor may recommend that you drink more liquids and then recheck your blood.
Doctors treat high blood protein due to other medical conditions according to the problem and your symptoms.
If a test shows high blood protein, check with your doctor. Make sure that you get any additional testing that your doctor recommends. Be sure to keep your follow-up appointments. Follow-up care can help make sure the underlying cause is adequately treated and to reassess the need for further blood tests.
Last reviewed by a Cleveland Clinic medical professional on 05/30/2020.
Symptoms Of Low Blood Protein Are
1. Edema also referred to as water retention.2. Easy Bruising.4. Prolonged Blood clotting time5. Reduced energy and muscle wasting.6. Skin rash7. Brittle nails or nails with ridges on them.8. Loss of hair.14. Headaches
The cause of low blood protein can be determined by a blood test as it can reveal whether a person has enough protein or not. The doctor will recommend you a blood test known as total protein, albumin and A/G ratio . The test will reveal whether the total protein is low or not and whether the ratio of albumin and globulin are fine.
Common Symptoms Of Wm
Weakness: This is one of the most common symptoms of WM. It can be caused by anemia , which can happen when the WM cells crowd out normal cells in the bone marrow. Some people also feel weak when the blood thickens from the buildup of the abnormal protein.
Loss of appetite: Some people with WM lose their appetite.
Fever, sweats, weight loss: WM, like other lymphomas, can cause fevers , drenching night sweats, and weight loss . These are called B symptoms.
Neuropathy: In some people with WM, the abnormal antibody can attack and damage nerves outside the brain. This can lead to numbness or a painful pins and needles sensation in the feet and legs, which is called neuropathy.
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Proteinuria In Children Treatment
If tests show your child has orthostatic proteinuria or only small amounts of protein in his or her urine, no treatment is needed.
If tests show a large amount of protein in your childs urine, and he or she has swelling of the legs and eyelids, your doctor may send him or her to a kidney specialist. This doctor is called a nephrologist. The nephrologist may perform a kidney biopsy. During this simple surgical procedure, a small piece of kidney tissue is removed. Your doctor will look at the piece under a microscope. This may help him or her find out what is causing the protein in your childs urine. Once the doctor knows why its happening, he or she can treat the problem.
Testing For Protein In Urine
The only way to diagnose proteinuria is through a urine test, which measures the amount of protein in your urine.
The test takes place in a doctors office. During the procedure, you urinate into a specimen cup. The doctor places a dipstick, or a small plastic stick coated with chemicals, into the urine sample. If it has too much protein, the stick will change color.
The rest of the urine will be sent to a lab, where its examined under a microscope.
If your doctor thinks you have kidney issues, theyll repeat the urine test three times in three months. This helps them rule out temporary causes of proteinuria.
A doctor might also use the following tests to determine whats causing your proteinuria:
- 24-hour urine collection. In a 24-hour urine test, your urine is collected over 24 hours and sent to a lab.
- Glomerular filtrate rate blood test. This test checks your kidney function.
- Imaging tests. You may get an ultrasound or CT scan, which take detailed photos of your kidneys and urinary tract.
- Kidney biopsy. A sample of your kidney is removed and examined for signs of kidney damage.
If you have temporary or mild proteinuria, you likely wont need treatment. But if you have consistent proteinuria, youll need to treat the underlying condition.
Treatment may include:
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Your Weight Is Creeping Back Up
High-protein diets are often praised for helping people drop a dress size or two in as short as a week-but the long-term effects aren’t as desirable. Following a high-protein diet often means eating very few carbs, which isn’t sustainable for most of us in the long run. This can lead to food cravings and less energy to get your morning workout in, and can make you regain the weight you worked so hard to lose.
Sandra Aamodt, Ph.D., is a neuroscientist who has spent years studying the brain-weight link. She told EatingWell,“Don’t do anything to lose weight you’re not willing to do forever.” This is because your brain can certainly adjust its behaviors once you lose the weight, but it needs you to continue your efforts in order to maintain it. Opting for restrictive diets-like keto-may not be your best bet for long-term health after all.
Signs And Symptoms Of Waldenstrom Macroglobulinemia
Sometimes, Waldenstrom macroglobulinemia isnt causing any symptoms when its first found. Instead, its found when the person has blood tests done for some other reason. WM found this way is sometimes called asymptomatic or smoldering WM.
When WM does cause symptoms, some of them can be like those seen with other types of non-Hodgkin lymphoma . For example, weight loss, fever, night sweats, and swollen lymph nodes can be seen in many types of NHL.
Other WM symptoms are caused by the large amounts of abnormal IgM antibody made by the cancer cells:
- In hyperviscosity syndrome, too much of the M protein in the blood can cause it to become too thick. When the blood gets too thick, it has trouble moving through blood vessels. This can cause problems such as poor circulation to the brain, which can lead to symptoms like those from a stroke.
- If the M protein only thickens the blood in cooler parts of the body , it is called a cryoglobulin. Cryoglobulins can cause pain or other problems in these areas if a person is exposed to cooler temperatures.
- A condition called amyloidosis can occur when a part of the IgM antibody builds up in organs like the heart and kidneys. This buildup can lead to heart and kidney problems.
Not all people with WM develop hyperviscosity, cryoglobulins, or amyloidosis.
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Foods To Eat To Raise Hemoglobin
The protein in your body serves many purposes from fluid balance and pH balance to keeping your immune system healthy. Normally, your blood contains very small amounts of protein. If the amounts of protein in your blood are high, it can indicate an underlying condition that warrants immediate medical attention.
How Is High Blood Protein Diagnosed
A blood test provides information on high blood protein. Protein levels are often included as part of a comprehensive metabolic panel, a blood test ordered by doctors as part of an overall examination. The health provider collects a blood sample through a small needle inserted into a vein in your arm. A laboratory analyzes the blood sample to measure the amount of total protein in your body, among other items.
The blood test results often include total protein levels, albumin level and the ratio of albumin to globulins. An abnormal level of blood proteins may require further follow-up testing like protein electrophoresis and quantitative immunoglobulins.
What Are The Signs & Symptoms Of Nephrotic Syndrome
Swelling and weight gain tend to be the most common signs. Swelling happens because too many fluids and salt build up in the body. Extra fluids can cause weight gain. Parents might notice their child quickly outgrows clothes and shoes.
Swelling most often happens in the:
- face, especially around the eyes
- ankles and feet, especially after sitting or standing a long time
Other common signs include loss of appetite, peeing less often, and pee that looks dark and foamy.
Some kids don’t have any symptoms. They may learn they have nephrotic syndrome when a routine urine test finds the condition.
What Causes Protein In The Urine
Healthy kidneys remove extra fluid and waste from your blood and transform it into urine. Healthy kidneys do not remove proteins and other important nutrients, which pass through and return to your blood. But when your kidneys are damaged, they may let this protein leak into your urine. This causes high levels of protein in your urine. Anyone can have protein in their urine. You may be more likely to have protein in your urine if you have one or more of the risk factors for kidney disease. There are health problems that can cause long-lasting protein in the urine, and some that can cause short-term protein in the urine.
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Causes Of Low Blood Protein
1. Kidney Disease: Kidney diseases such as Nephrotic Syndrome cause loss of protein from the body through urine. This leads to low protein levels. If the protein in urine is detected, it can also be an indicator of kidney damage due to diabetes mellitus.
2. Liver Disease: Condition such as Hepatitis affects the liver and causes protein level in the blood to decrease as the liver is the organ that is responsible for producing protein.
3. Malabsorption: It is a condition where there is a difficulty in absorbing protein by the body. It occurs when the body is not able to absorb protein or other nutrients which leads to low protein in the blood. It can occur in the patient with Celiac disease.
4. Drugs: Another cause of low protein in blood is medicines like estrogens, oral contraceptives or any other medicine that damages your liver thus causing low levels of protein in your body.
5. Malnutrition: If a healthy diet, which should include proteins is not maintained then it leads to a substantial level of protein malnutrition. In cases of severe protein deficiency, a person can become prone to diseases such as Kwashiorkor and Marasmus. Amino acids are often known as building blocks of protein, most of the times we can produce them ourselves but many amino acids come from foods. Lack of amino acids prevents the body from making albumin and globulin which causes low protein.
How Much Protein Is Too Much
The body is in a constant state of flux, constantly breaking down and rebuilding its own tissues.
Under certain circumstances, our need for protein can increase. This includes periods of sickness or increased physical activity.
We need to consume enough protein for these processes to occur.
However, if we eat more than we need, the excess protein will be broken down and used for energy.
Even though a relatively high protein intake is healthy and safe, eating massive amounts of protein is unnatural and may cause harm. Traditional populations got most of their calories from fat or carbs, not protein.
Exactly how much protein is harmful is unclear and likely varies between people.
One study in healthy, strength-training men showed that eating around 1.4 grams per pound of body weight every day for a year didnt have any adverse health effects .
Even eating 2 grams of protein per pound of body weight for 2 months did not appear to cause any side effects (
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What’s The Best Way To Get Daily Protein
“There are no ‘bad’ protein sources, but keep an eye on the saturated fat and calorie content of your protein sources to optimize heart health,” Fear said.
In addition, be wary of protein supplements, including bars and shakes, as they can contain a lot of additives. Some brands have more than 20 grams of sugar per serving or contain artificial sweeteners that may be just as bad for your health in the long term.
If you do decide to supplement, find a brand you trust, read the label and ingredient list carefully, stick to the recommended serving size, and use in moderation.
There’s no ideal time to eat protein, so long as you get enough, experts say, but spreading your intake out throughout the day can be helpful.
“Balancing protein in meals throughout the day has shown to be beneficial for muscle protein synthesis and maintenance of lean body mass,” Knott said.
Treating Symptoms And Complications
Treatment varies according to symptoms, causes, and the extent of kidney damage. Symptoms of nephrotic syndrome are most often treated with these medicines3
- an angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor or an angiotensin II receptor blocker . ACEs and ARBs can help reduce protein loss and also lower blood pressure, which is often high in people with nephrotic syndrome.
- a diuretic , which reduces swelling by helping the kidneys remove fluid from the blood.
People with nephrotic syndrome should receive the pneumococcal vaccine, along with yearly flu shots, to prevent viral and bacterial infections.
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What Causes Proteinuria In Children
Sometimes infection or chemicals damage the kidneys. This affects how well the kidneys work. If your child has an infection, his or her proteinuria will go away once the infection is treated.
Protein in the urine also can be associated with type 1 and type 2 diabetes. Tell your doctor if your child has been excessively thirsty, hungry, unintentionally lost weight, or has fruity-smelling breath. These can be signs of type 1 diabetes.
How Is Proteinuria Treated
Treatment depends on the underlying condition that caused proteinuria. Each condition requires different treatments.
If kidney disease is confirmed, a treatment plan might include medication, diet changes, weight loss and exercise. Diabetes and hypertension patients with proteinuria might need blood pressure medication, and those with diabetes will have to control their blood sugar. Diabetes patients should receive glomerular filtration rate blood tests every year and may be referred to a nephrologist, a doctor who specializes in the kidneys.
Pregnant women with preeclampsia should be watched carefully. The condition, although serious during pregnancy, usually resolves itself once the baby is born. Proteinuria patients with low blood pressure should schedule annual urine tests and blood pressure checks.
If proteinuria isnt accompanied by diabetes, high blood pressure or any other medical condition, blood pressure medication still might be prescribed to prevent kidney damage. Blood pressure and urine should be checked every six months to make sure kidney disease isnt present. As for those with mild or temporary proteinuria, treatment may not be necessary.
Complications Of Nephrotic Syndrome
Complications of nephrotic syndrome can include:
- dehydration low protein levels may lead to a reduction in blood volume. In severe cases, intravenous fluids may be given to boost the bodys water content
- blood clots these occur in the leg veins and occasionally in the kidney veins. Blood clots can also go into the lungs and cause chest pain, breathlessness or coughing up of blood
- infection infection and inflammation of the peritoneal cavity. This is the thin elastic lining that contains the pancreas, stomach, intestines, liver, gallbladder and other organs. A fever may indicate infection
- kidney failure without treatment, the kidneys may fail in extreme cases
- high blood pressure
Tests And Normal Protein Levels
Your doctor may suggest a total protein test, either as part of a routine check-up or to investigate the cause of certain signs and symptoms 1. Typically, a nurse or technician takes a blood sample, usually from a vein in the arm, and then sends it to a lab for testing. The tube of blood is place in a centrifuge, which spins the blood at a very high speed in order to separate the blood cells from the serum. The serum is then removed and the amount of protein is tested in this fluid. Protein levels between 6.0 and 8.3 g/dL are considered normal.
- Your doctor may suggest a total protein test, either as part of a routine check-up or to investigate the cause of certain signs and symptoms 1.
- Typically, a nurse or technician takes a blood sample, usually from a vein in the arm, and then sends it to a lab for testing.
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What Happens If Protein Is High In Kidney
Having too much protein can cause waste to build up in your blood. Your kidneys may not be able to remove all the extra waste. It is important to eat the right amount of protein each day. The amount of protein you need is based on your body size, your kidney problem, and the amount of protein that may be in your urine.
Treatment For Nephrotic Syndrome
Minimal change nephrotic syndrome fixes itself in around 40 per cent of cases. Other causes of nephrotic syndrome are also often treatable. It is essential to consult a kidney specialist who can develop a management plan for your condition.
Treatment depends on the severity of the condition, but may include:
- specific medication for some causes this may lead to complete or partial remission of the nephrotic syndrome
- diuretics to control swelling
- medication to control high blood pressure
- dietary changes a diet low in salt, saturated fat and cholesterol may be helpful to reduce swelling and keep cholesterol levels under control. Advice from a renal dietitian may be required to develop an individualised dietary plan.
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