What Else Causes Protein In Urine
Proteinuria causes are linked to other conditions. Diabetes and high blood pressure are the two leading causes of chronic kidney disease , and kidney damage from those two conditions can result in proteinuria. Lupus, arthritis and other immune system disorders can also cause proteinuria. Protein in the urine can even be a warning sign of pre-eclampsia during pregnancy.
Treatment Of Protein In Urine
The treatment of proteinuria depends on the cause of the problem. If what generates it is a secondary disease, you should treat it so that the presence of protein in the urine ceases.
Most commonly, doctors prescribe medications of two types when the underlying disease is diabetes or hypertension. The first are the angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors, we know them as ACE, for their acronym in English. The second are the angiotensin receptor blockers, or ARB.
Both medications are usually prescribed when the underlying disease is diabetes or hypertension. However, even if these health problems are not present, doctors also order such drugs to prevent kidney damage. In any case, the presence of proteins in the urine is always a reason for medical consultation.
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How Can You Tell If There Is Protein In Your Urine
If you have kidney damage and protein is escaping into your urine, you may notice the following symptoms:
- Swelling in your face, abdomen or hands and feet.
- Urine that appears bubbly, foamy or frothy.
If you notice either of these symptoms, talk to your doctor about the cause and what the best treatment may be. In some cases, the issue will resolve on its own without further treatment.
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What Are The Causes
- Diseases of the glomeruli , for example glomerulonephritis or diabetes.
- Urine infection can cause proteinuria, but usually there are other signs of this such as a urinary tract infections.
- Proteinuria can be a symptom of some other conditions and diseases: for example: congestive heart failure, a first warning of eclampsia in pregnancy.
- Sometimes a positive dipstick for protein isnt abnormal, for example concentrated samples first thing in the morning, or if you have become dehydrated or havent drunk much.
- Temporary proteinuria may occur after vigorous exercise or if you have a high fever.
- Sometimes, almost always in children, proteinuria can be detected later in the day, but not in the morning. This is known as orthostatic proteinuria and it is usually harmless.
How Is Pediatric Proteinuria Diagnosed
If you or your childs pediatrician suspect that your child has proteinuria, a condition in which protein leaks from the blood into the urine, the doctor will recommend a urine test.
In the past, a 24-hour urine collection was required to diagnose proteinuria. The patient would collect urine in a single container from the first visit to the bathroom in the morning through the first visit on the next day. This test may still be used, but most of the time, a simple urine test can be done in a doctors office to test how much protein is in your childs urine. A chemically-treated paper dipped into the urine sample will change color if protein levels are high.
If your child has no symptoms and a urine sample collected first thing in the morning indicates no protein or only trace amounts, the doctor may suggest that your child be tested again in a year. If protein is discovered in the urine, another first morning sample should be tested and also examined under a microscope, and further urinalysis the physical, chemical, and microscopic testing of a sample of urinewill be necessary. If the urine tests reveal excess protein and urinalysis results are abnormal, your child may need further evaluation because if the proteinuria persists, it can mean that your childs kidney function is declining.
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Protein In Urine Symptoms
Most people who have proteinuria wonât notice any signs, especially in early or mild cases. Over time, as it gets worse, you might have symptoms including:
- Foamy or bubbly pee
- A family history of kidney disease
- African American, Native American, Hispanic, or Pacific Islander descent
Some people get more protein into their urine while standing than while lying down. This condition is called orthostatic proteinuria.
Protein In Urine Diagnosis
A urine test called a urinalysis can tell whether you have too much protein in your pee. First, youâll pee into a cup. A lab technician will dip in a stick with chemicals on the end. If the stick changes color, itâs a sign of too much protein. You might need to have this test more than once to find out how long the protein is there.
The technician will also look at the pee under a microscope. Theyâre checking for things that shouldnât be there, which might mean kidney problems. These include red and white blood cells, crystals, and bacteria.
If your doctor suspects kidney disease, you might need to have other urine tests. Your doctor might also order:
- Blood tests. These measure certain chemicals to check how well your kidneys are working.
- Imaging tests. CT scans and ultrasounds can spot kidney stones, tumors, or other blockages.
- A kidney biopsy. Your doctor might need to take a small sample of kidney tissue so a lab technician can look at it under a microscope.
What Is The Treatment For Proteinuria
If you are diagnosed with kidney disease or your kidney functioning is declining, you will be referred by your doctor to a nephrologist, a doctor specializing in diseases of the kidneys. He or she will recommend treatment, which can include medication and changes in your diet and lifestyle. Treatment is tailored depending on what medical conditions are contributing to the proteinuria.
How Often Do I Need To Have A Test For Albuminuria
People who are at increased risk for kidney disease should have this test as part of routine checkups by a healthcare provider. Those at increased risk include:
People with diabetes
People with high blood pressure
People with a family history of kidney failure
People who are 65 years or older
Certain ethnic groups including African Americans, Hispanics, Asians, American Indians
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What Are The Symptoms Of Nephrotic Syndrome
You may not know that you have nephrotic syndrome until you have routine blood and urine tests at a doctors appointment. The results of your tests can show that you have too much protein in your urine, not enough protein in your blood, or too much fat or cholesterol in your blood. Signs of nephrotic syndrome that you may notice are:
- Swelling in your legs, feet, ankles, and sometimes face and hands
- Weight gain
Can Not Drinking Enough Water Cause Protein In Urine
Dehydration may cause temporary proteinuria. If the body loses and does not replace liquids, it cannot deliver the necessary nutrients to the kidneys. This causes problems with the way the kidneys reabsorb protein. As a result, they may excrete it in the urine.28 avr. 2021
Causes Of Protein In The Urine
Your kidneys, when working properly, filter waste products from your blood. They return protein and other materials that your body needs to function.
Some conditions and diseases can cause the level ofprotein in your urine to rise. Short term conditions that cause protein in the urine can include strenuous exercise, fever, heat or cold exposure and emotional distress. Long term conditions and diseases that can lead to protein in the urine include high blood pressure, kidney infection or disease, heart disease, diabetes, lupus and malaria.If a urine test reveals protein in your urine, your doctor may recommendfurther testing to determine the cause. Test may include a 24-hour urine collection to determine whether the protein in your urine is cause for concern. Your doctor may also follow up with an ultrasound or CT scan to look for issues like kidney stones or a biopsy to see what has caused damage to your kidneys.
What Causes Proteinuria
In many cases, proteinuria is caused by relatively benign or temporary medical conditions.
These include dehydration, inflammation and low blood pressure. Intense exercise or activity, emotional stress, aspirin therapy and exposure to cold can also trigger proteinuria. In addition, a kidney stone in the urinary tract can cause proteinuria.
Occasionally, proteinuria is an early indication of chronic kidney disease, a gradual loss of kidney function that may eventually require dialysis or a kidney transplant. Diabetes and high-blood pressure can damage kidneys and are the number-one and number-two causes of kidney disease.
Other potentially kidney-harming diseases and medical conditions, which can lead to proteinuria, include:
- Immune disorders like lupus and Goodpastures syndrome
- Acute inflammation of the kidney
- Puffiness around the eyes, especially in the morning
- Foamy or bubbly urine
These are also symptoms of chronic kidney disease. Anyone experiencing these symptoms, especially foamy urine and swelling, should see a doctor immediately.
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What Is This Test
This test measures the amount of protein in your urine.
Healthy kidneys usually filter protein out of the blood and absorb the protein. Then they send it back into the blood while waste material is passed out of your body as urine. But when your kidneys aren’t working the way they should, protein may pass into your urine. Protein in your urine is a condition called proteinuria, albuminuria, or microalbuminuria.
Many different chronic diseases, including kidney disease and diabetes, can cause protein in your urine. During pregnancy, protein in your urine can mean a very dangerous condition called preeclampsia, or extremely high blood pressure.
You may have this test after a dipstick urine protein test. That test needs only one urine sample that’s collected at your healthcare provider’s office.
What Are The Complications Of Nephrotic Syndrome
When you have nephrotic syndrome, an important protein called albumin leaks into your urine instead of getting filtered by the kidneys as it should. Albumin helps your body get rid of extra fluid. When you do not have enough albumin in your blood, fluid can build up in your body, causing swelling in your legs, feet and ankles. You can also have other problems such as blood clots and infections.
With nephrotic syndrome, cholesterol also builds up in your blood. When you have too much cholesterol in your blood, clumps form inside your veins and arteries, which can cause a heart attack or a stroke.
Nephrotic syndrome can also cause other serious health problems such as:
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How Will I Know If I Have Protein In My Urine
The only way to know if you have protein in your urine is to have a urine test. The test will measure the levels of protein in your urine.The name of the urine test that measures the level of albumin in your urine is called the urine albumin-to-creatinine ratio . A UACR compares the level of albumin to the level of creatinine . A normal UACR is less than 30mg/g. If your UACR is 30 mg/g or higher, it can be a sign of kidney disease, and you should ask your doctor if you should have other tests for kidney disease.
What Is Pediatric Proteinuria
Proteinuria is an excess if protein in your child’s urine. If your child has proteinuria, its often not serious. But sometimes, it can indicate a more serious problem with the kidneys. You should watch for any signs that your childs fluids seem out of balance and check with a doctor.
If proteinuria indicates a kidney disease, your doctor will refer your child to a nephrologist, a doctor who specializes in treating kidney diseases.
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Control The Presence Of Protein In Your Urine
If youre wondering how you can naturally reduce protein in your urine, the best way to do it is to watch what you eat. Its important to have a balanced diet and avoid foods that overwork your kidneys. Along with this, you should follow the doctors recommendations and maintain adequate hydration.
Here well talk about the best foods to combat this problem. Well also share some home remedies that will benefit the condition of your kidneys and their proper functioning.
How Do Doctors Treat Protein In The Urine
Doctors treat the cause of protein in the urine:
- If you have diabetes, your doctor will help create a treatment plan to keep it under control and slow down damage to your kidneys. They may recommend that you:
- Check your blood sugar often
- Take certain medicines
- Follow a diabetes-friendly eating plan
- Be active most days of the week
- If you have high blood pressure, your doctor may prescribe a medicine to help lower your blood pressure and slow down damage to your kidneys. The types of medicine are:
- Angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors, which are a group of medicines that lower blood pressure. They widen your blood vessels, help your kidneys get rid of extra water and lower the hormones that raise blood pressure.
- Angiotensin receptor blockers , which are a group of medicines that lower blood pressure. They widen your blood vessels.
- If you do not have diabetes or high blood pressure, your doctor may still prescribe an ACE inhibitor or an ARB to slow down damage to your kidneys.
Drinking water will not treat the cause of protein in your urine unless you are dehydrated. Drinking water will dilute your urine , but will not stop the cause of your kidneys leaking protein.If you have protein in your urine, talk with your doctor to choose the best treatment option for you.
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Why Your Doctor May Test For High Protein In Urine
Proteinuria, or protein in the urine, occurs when your kidneys arent functioning normally, allowing protein to leave your body through your urine. Kidneys with normal function filter toxins out of the blood, while keeping nutrients like protein circulating. Having too much protein in your urine can mean that your kidneys are filtering too much protein out of your bloodprotein that your body needs to build muscles and maintain strong bones.
Why Do I Need This Test
If you are pregnant, you may have this test as a part of routine prenatal care to screen for preeclampsia.
You may also have this test if your healthcare provider thinks that you have protein in your urine. Proteinuria may not cause symptoms in the early stage. But as kidney function worsens, you may notice these symptoms:
Higher level of blood creatinine
You may also need this test if you:
Have a family member who has chronic kidney disease
Are at risk for kidney disease
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What Is Orthostatic Proteinuria
Orthostatic proteinuria occurs in some older children and teenagers. The word orthostatic means upright. The condition is called orthostatic proteinuria because protein goes into the urine only when the child is in the upright position .
Children with this condition have no kidney damage but, for some unknown reason, they lose protein into the urine during the day when they are active. At night, while they sleep, their kidneys don’t let any protein into the urine. Your doctor diagnoses this harmless condition by checking two urine samples. The first one is collected in the morning, right after your child gets up, and it’s kept in one container. The second sample is collected during the day . If your child has orthostatic proteinuria, the morning sample won’t have protein in it. The urine collected during the day will have protein in it.
What Are The Signs And Symptoms Of Pediatric Proteinuria
Your child may have no symptoms while in the earliest stages of proteinuria. As large amounts of protein move from the blood to the urine and out of the body, the following signs and symptoms may occur and may indicate progression of kidney disease.
- Difficulty breathing
- Swelling , especially around the eyes and in the hands, feet, and belly
- Urine that appears to be foamy or bubbly because of large amounts of protein
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What Do My Test Results Mean
Test results may vary depending on your age, gender, health history, the method used for the test, and other things. Your test results may not mean you have a problem. Ask your healthcare provider what your test results mean for you.
Results are given in milligrams . Normal urine protein in adults is less than 150 mg within a 24-hour period.
Too Much Protein In Urine What Causes It And How To Treat It
What does protein in urine mean? Is it dangerous to have elevated protein levels in the urine? Learn all about this condition and see how to treat it!
Not always the presence of protein in the urine means that there is a health problem, strictly speaking. Sometimes this depends on circumstances. But if this condition persists, it means that there is a difficulty in the functioning of the kidneys.
Proteins in urine are sometimes a sign that the kidneys are not working as well as they should. In principle, this condition does not generate any symptoms and is only detectable by a urine test. Therefore, most of the time it goes unnoticed in the initial phases.
We all have proteins in the blood. These play a very important role in the body, since they help to configure the bones and muscles, as well as to control the amount of fluids in the blood and to prevent infections, among others. However, these do not have to pass into the urine.
When there is protein in the urine, abundantly and persistently, it means that the kidneys are making an incorrect filter. They should process and dispose of waste and not proteins. It is an early sign of kidney problems, which you should address immediately.