How To Stop Anxiety From Low Blood Sugar
Did you know that low blood sugar can trigger both anxiety and depression?
I dont think this gets talked about nearly enough
So, in todays article we will look at why keeping your blood sugar levels stable is SO important for reducing anxiety, and a couple strategies on how to prevent hypoglycemia-induced anxiety and panic attacks!
How Much Protein Do You Need
Not everyone has the same protein requirement. It depends on many factors, including body weight, muscle mass, physical activity and age.
Arguably, body weight is the most important determinant of protein requirements. As a result, recommendations are usually presented as grams for each pound or kilogram of body weight.
The recommended daily allowance is 0.4 grams of protein for each pound of body weight . Scientist estimate this should be enough for most people.
This translates to 66 grams of protein per day for an adult weighing 165 pounds .
For athletes, the American College of Sports Medicine recommends a daily protein intake ranging from 0.5 to 0.6 grams for each pound of body weight , which should be enough for muscle maintenance and training recovery .
However, scientists dont agree how much is enough. The International Society of Sports Nutritions daily recommendation is 0.9 grams of protein per pound of body weight for athletes .
Just like athletes, older adults also seem to have higher protein requirements.
While the RDA is currently the same for old and young adults, studies indicate it is underestimated and should be raised to 0.5 to 0.7 grams per pound of body weight for older people .
Simply put, if you are older or physically active, your daily protein requirements are probably higher than the current RDA of 0.4 grams per pound of body weight .
The richest sources of protein include fish, meat, eggs, dairy products and legumes.
Greater Risk Of Bone Fractures
Muscles are not the only tissues affected by low protein intake.
Your bones are also at risk. Not consuming enough protein may weaken your bones and increase the risk of fractures .
One study in postmenopausal women found that a higher protein intake was associated with a lower risk of hip fractures. The highest intake was linked to a 69% reduced risk, and animal-source protein appeared to have the greatest benefits .
Another study in postmenopausal women with recent hip fractures showed that taking 20 grams of protein supplements per day for half a year slowed bone loss by 2.3% .
Summary: Protein helps maintain the strength and density of bones. Insufficient protein intake has been linked to a lower bone mineral density and an increased risk of fractures.
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How Do I Get Ready For This Test
You may need to skip exercising for a certain time before the test. Let your healthcare provider know if you have a fever or have been ill recently.
Your provider will tell you if you should not take certain medicines on the day of the test. In addition, be sure your provider knows about all medicines, herbs, vitamins, and supplements you are taking. This includes medicines that don’t need a prescription and any illegal drugs you may use.
What Are The Types Of Hepatitis C Infection
There are two types of hepatitis C infection:
- Acute: a short-term infection that occurs within 6 months after a person is exposed to the virus. However, about 75 to 85 percent of people with the acute form go on to develop the chronic form.
- Chronic: a long-term illness that can continue throughout a persons life. It can lead to cirrhosis of the liver and other serious problems, such as liver failure or cancer. About 15,000 people a year die from liver disease associated with hepatitis C.
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What Else Causes Protein In Urine
Proteinuria causes are linked to other conditions. Diabetes and high blood pressure are the two leading causes of chronic kidney disease , and kidney damage from those two conditions can result in proteinuria. Lupus, arthritis and other immune system disorders can also cause proteinuria. Protein in the urine can even be a warning sign of pre-eclampsia during pregnancy.
How Is A Total Protein Test Different From A Urine Protein Test
A total protein test uses a blood sample, which makes it distinct from a urine protein test.
In addition, the interpretation of these tests is different based on the expected amount of protein in blood and urine. It is normal and expected for proteins to be found in the blood. On the other hand, very little protein is typically found in the urine because the kidneys keep it from passing from blood to urine.
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What Causes Hepatitis C
Hepatitis C is caused when blood from an infected person enters the body of an uninfected person. These are the most common methods of infection:
- An infected person shares needles or syringes for injecting intravenous drugs. Even people who have used IV drugs infrequently may be at risk for infection.
- Healthcare workers who accidentally stick themselves with needles used on infected patients are at risk of getting hepatitis C.
- Patients who received donated blood or blood products or who had organ transplants before 1992 are at higher risk for hepatitis C.
Less common ways of spreading hepatitis C include the following:
- Sexual contact with an infected person. Although the risk of getting hepatitis C through sexual intercourse is low, the risk increases for people who have several sex partners or those with HIV infections.
- Sharing a razor, toothbrush or other personal item that may have come into contact with the blood of an infected person.
- Becoming infected through body piercing or tattooing, if the facility does not use sterile equipment or does not follow infection control practices.
Babies born to mothers who have hepatitis C might become infected, although this is not common. In addition, baby boomers are at increased risk of having hepatitis C and should be screened for it.
Hepatitis C cannot be spread by simple contact or by coughing or sneezing.
Immunofixation Electrophoresis And Enzyme Immunoassays
When required, specific proteins can be identified using one of a family of tests termed immunofixation electrophoresis.9 In these tests, proteins are first separated by electrophoresis and then reacted with a specific antibody. If the antibody reacts with the protein being investigated, the antibodyprotein complex remains in the gel while other proteins are washed away, allowing the protein to be identified and quantified. This technique is useful in the assessment of multiple myeloma.
Immunoglobulin E antibodies to specific antigens can be measured using the radioallergosorbent testing or enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay techniques. These techniques are valuable in the assessment of allergies, for example when there is a risk of anaphylaxis.9
A range of other techniques, including enzyme immunoassays, can be used to quantify the serum levels of specific antibodies, such as rubella and hepatitis B antibodies. These techniques are used both to diagnose current infection and to confirm the presence of immunity. A preparation of a specific antigen is incubated with a specimen of a patients serum. If the antibody under investigation is present, it will become coupled to the antigen. Analytic processes are then used to quantify the amount of antibody present in the serum.18
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How Is A Total Protein Test Different From A Liver Panel Or Comprehensive Metabolic Panel
A panel test involves multiple different measurements taken using the same sample. Total protein is one of the test components in the liver panel and in the comprehensive metabolic panel.
A liver panel tests total protein, albumin, and a series of enzymes that provide information about liver health. A comprehensive metabolic panel includes all of the components of the liver panel and also assesses the bodys energy use, electrolytes, and kidney function.
Other Tests Needed In The Investigation Of Protein Deficiency Are
1. Urine routine examination and 24-hour urinary protein estimation. This indicates the amount of damage of the kidney and the amount of protein being thrown out of the body while passing urine every day
2. Liver function tests this includes SGPT , SGPT , Total protein, Albumin, Serum alkaline phosphate , GGT, and Serum Bilirubin. These tests indicate towards the functioning of Liver and production of protein
3. Kidney Function Tests This includes Urea Creatinine, Uric acid, Total protein, Albumin, Calcium, Phosphate, Sodium, Potassium, and Chloride. These tests asses the function of a kidney
4. Complete Blood Count This test indicates the level of anemia which may be associated with the low protein. If a possibility of nutritional deficiency or malnutrition is to consider other tests like B12 levels, Folic acid levels, and Iron Studies are also done. Tests specific for some disease are also done. This includes an antibody for a celiac increase. Sometimes a duodenal biopsy may also be needed to establish the cause of protein deficiency
5. Anti-Nuclear Antibody , and autoimmune profile may also be done to rule out autoimmune conditions
6. Maintaining the right amount of protein is important as it helps in the healing of wounds and building of muscles. It can also lead to other complication such as CHF or congestive heart failure and pulmonary edema Therefore maintaining protein in the body is important
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How Is Pediatric Proteinuria Diagnosed
If you or your childs pediatrician suspect that your child has proteinuria, a condition in which protein leaks from the blood into the urine, the doctor will recommend a urine test.
In the past, a 24-hour urine collection was required to diagnose proteinuria. The patient would collect urine in a single container from the first visit to the bathroom in the morning through the first visit on the next day. This test may still be used, but most of the time, a simple urine test can be done in a doctors office to test how much protein is in your childs urine. A chemically-treated paper dipped into the urine sample will change color if protein levels are high.
If your child has no symptoms and a urine sample collected first thing in the morning indicates no protein or only trace amounts, the doctor may suggest that your child be tested again in a year. If protein is discovered in the urine, another first morning sample should be tested and also examined under a microscope, and further urinalysis the physical, chemical, and microscopic testing of a sample of urinewill be necessary. If the urine tests reveal excess protein and urinalysis results are abnormal, your child may need further evaluation because if the proteinuria persists, it can mean that your childs kidney function is declining.
What Is Multiple Myeloma
Multiple myeloma is a kind of blood cancer that causes the body to produce abnormal plasma cells. The plasma cells become cancerous and multiply.
Plasma cells are white blood cells. They are part of your immune system. In a healthy person, the plasma cells are in the bone marrow, which is soft tissue inside the bones. They produce healthy proteins called antibodies, an important part of our immune system that find and attack germs and prevent our body from infections.
As the cancerous plasma cells multiply, they:
- Build up in the bone marrow , weakens the bone and results in bone pain and fractures.
- Produce excessive abnormal antibodies that can accumulate in the organs, especially in the kidneys, and can affects the function of kidneys.
- Accumulate in the bone marrow, outnumber the normal blood cells and limit your bodys ability to make healthy blood cells .
People with low grade multiple myeloma may not have any symptoms at first. This condition is called smoldering multiple myeloma. As the cancer progresses, it can lead to bone pain, a weakened immune system, bone loss and other health problems. Though now good treatments are available to control myeloma, presently there is no cure available for multiple myeloma. Doctors can treat symptoms and may be able to fully control the disease or slow the production of cancerous cells.
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When Can I Go Back To My Regular Activities If I Have Waldenstrom Macroglobulinemia
The time it takes to go back to your usual activities varies according to your individual treatment plan. In many cases, treatment for WM has a delayed response that may not appear until several months after treatment ends. Your doctor will talk to you about when you can return to your regular activities.
Tests For Diagnosing Nephrotic Syndrome
Urine dipstick test. This simple test checks for albumin in your urine. Having albumin in the urine is called albuminuria. You collect the urine sample in a container during a visit to a health care professionals office or lab. A health care professional places a strip of chemically treated paper, called a dipstick, into the urine for the test. The dipstick changes color if albumin is present in the urine.
To confirm the diagnosis of nephrotic syndrome, your health care professional may order one of these two urine tests
- 24-hour urine collection. For this test, you will need to collect urine samples over 24 hours. Your health care professional will then send the samples to a lab for analysis.
- Urine albumin-to-creatinine ratio . The UACR test uses a single urine sample to estimate the amount of albumin lost in 24 hours. The test measures both albumin and creatinine, a waste product of normal muscle breakdown.
Your health care professional may also order blood tests to check for low levels of protein in your blood and other problems linked to nephrotic syndrome.
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How Is This Test Done
This test needs a 24-hour urine sample. For this sample, you must collect all of your urine for 24 hours. Empty your bladder completely first in the morning without collecting it. Note the time. Then collect your urine every time you go to the bathroom over the next 24 hours. You will collect it in a container that your healthcare provider or the lab gives you.
Box : Plasma Protein Measurement In Practice9
A GP may request measurement of plasma protein when:
- investigating a specific symptom, such as peripheral oedema
- diagnosing an inflammatory process or autoimmune disorder
- diagnosing bone marrow disorders, including multiple myeloma
- assessing allergies
- testing for immunodeficiency in patients with recurrent infections
- assessing immunity to infections, such as hepatitis B or rubella, through specific antibody assays
- investigating possible coeliac disease through the measurement of total immunoglobulin A and IgA tissue transglutaminase antibody.
Liver panel tests, for example, those requested as part of drug monitoring, may reveal protein abnormalities that require further investigation.10
Pregnancy-associated plasma protein A assessment, together with plasma human chorionic gonadotropin measurement and nuchal translucency ultrasound , is offered in early pregnancy to assess the risk of a foetal chromosomal disorder such as Downs syndrome or Edwards syndrome .11
Testing urine for protein may assist in the diagnosis of urinary infection, primary renal disease including nephrotic syndrome, secondary renal disease for example in diabetes, multiple myeloma, and pre-eclampsia in pregnancy.12
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How Is High Blood Protein Diagnosed
A blood test provides information on high blood protein. Protein levels are often included as part of a comprehensive metabolic panel, a blood test ordered by doctors as part of an overall examination. The health provider collects a blood sample through a small needle inserted into a vein in your arm. A laboratory analyzes the blood sample to measure the amount of total protein in your body, among other items.
The blood test results often include total protein levels, albumin level and the ratio of albumin to globulins. An abnormal level of blood proteins may require further follow-up testing like protein electrophoresis and quantitative immunoglobulins.
How Is Waldenstrom Macroglobulinemia Managed Or Treated
If you do not have any symptoms of WM, your doctor may not start treatment right away. This approach is called watchful waiting. People who dont have symptoms may not need treatment for years.
When treatment is necessary, it varies according to the patient. Treatment options for WM include:
- Biological therapy: Using the bodys own immune system to destroy or slow the growth of WM cells
- Chemotherapy: Taking medications by mouth or by injection, so that they spread throughout the body to destroy cancer cells
- Plasmapheresis: Filtering immunoglobulin M proteins out of the plasma , using a special machine
- Radiation therapy: Using strong X-rays or other radiation to destroy cancer cells
- Stem cell transplant : Infusing the body with stem cells after using high doses of chemotherapy to destroy the bone marrow affected by WM
- Targeted therapy: Using drugs that target specific changes happening inside cancer cells, without harming healthy cells
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It Doesnt Have To Be This Way
We are 18 months into this pandemic, and healthcare providers across our region continue to be there for every person who needs their care. In spite of having a vaccine that drastically reduces death and serious illness, we continue to care for people who are very sick and those who will die. Its important you know where we stand right now, even though you may not heed our warning until you are personally affected. If we could convince you of one thing, it would be that vaccination matters.
We are extraordinarily challenged to provide care for everyone who needs it. Our staff is stretched further than normal and has been for months now. It cant continue without consequences. People need surgeries for other injuries and illnesses but these critically important procedures are being delayed because of capacity and staffing issues due to COVID. You might be trying to get back to a normal life. However, lets not sugar coat this: our hospitals are far from normal in part due to unvaccinated people contracting the virus and requiring care. The most frustrating part is that, with an abundance of safe, highly effective, life-saving vaccines, people are still dying right here. And it doesnt have to be this way.