What Causes Excess Protein In Urine

Other Causes Of Protein In The Urine

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Risk factors for proteinuria include having any of the above mentioned conditions, being over the age of 65, having a family history of kidney disease, being African American, Native American, Hispanic, or Pacific Islander, and taking certain medications.

Change Your Protein Intake

Just because there are high protein levels in urine you don’t have to give up proteins all together.

However, lowering the consumption of proteins and changing to Healthy of proteins will make a significant improvement in your urine proteins.

Avoid red meats and move to lean proteins like chicken meat. Eat more fishes and soy proteins.

Soy proteins are light on kidneys as compared to animal proteins.

Since high blood pressure and diabetes are the main causes of rise if proteins in urine, fix these and you will get rid of proteinuria. Take following precautions.

  • Lead a healthy life by exercising and sleeping well
  • Reduce stress by deep breathing and meditation
  • Drink lots of water throughout the day
  • Avoid refined carbohydrates and sugar
  • Stop alcohol and sugary colas and sodas

You are lucky if you identify proteins in urine early and take preventative action. Urine test every year if you are above 60 can save you from.kidney disease.

If I Have Albuminuria Does It Mean I Have Kidney Disease

It may be an early sign of kidney disease, but your doctor will check you again to make sure albuminuria is not caused by something else, like not drinking enough water. If your doctor suspects that you have kidney disease, the urine test for albumin will be repeated. Three positive results over three months or more is a sign of kidney disease.

You will also be given a simple blood test to estimateGFR. GFR stands for glomerular filtration rate. Your GFR number tells you how well your kidneys are working.

You may also be given:

  • Imaging tests. . This produces a picture of your kidneys and urinary tract. It can show whether your kidneys have kidney stones or other problems.

  • A kidney biopsy. This can help find out what caused your kidney disease and how much damage to the kidneys has happened.

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Does Multiple Myeloma Show Up In A Blood Test

Blood work might reveal the abnormal cells that myeloma produces, including M proteins and beta-2-microglobulin. The type of proteins found in the blood can also confirm the aggressiveness of the myeloma. In addition, doctors can use blood work to check for blood cell counts, kidney function, and calcium levels.

Can Multiple Myeloma Affect The Kidneys

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The tubules of the kidney can also be damaged simply due to the toxic effects of these filtered proteins. This can lead to abnormal kidney function even in the absence of cast formation. However, myeloma kidney is by far the most common manifestation of kidney disease in patients with multiple myeloma.

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How Do I Get Ready For This Test

You may need to skip exercising for a certain time before the test. Let your healthcare provider know if you have a fever or have been ill recently.

Your provider will tell you if you should not take certain medicines on the day of the test. In addition, be sure your provider knows about all medicines, herbs, vitamins, and supplements you are taking. This includes medicines that don’t need a prescription and any illegal drugs you may use.

Symptoms Of Excess Protein In The Urine In Cats

Often there are no symptoms or proteinuria, but there may be symptoms that are related to the underlying cause of the excess protein in the urine. Owners may notice a strong odor to the urine when there is a high level of protein present. An uncommon symptom of proteinuria that may also be present is hematuria, or blood in the urine. This may occur due to the strain that is being put on the kidneys or may be related to the underlying cause of the proteinuria.

Types

  • Acute proteinuria has a sudden onset and is typically caused by benign factors, such as a diet high in protein, or emergency reasons, such as kidney trauma or poisoning.
  • Chronic proteinuria occurs when there is prolonged stress on the kidneys or progressive renal insufficiency.

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How Is Proteinuria Treated

Treatment depends on the underlying condition that caused proteinuria. Each condition requires different treatments.

If kidney disease is confirmed, a treatment plan might include medication, diet changes, weight loss and exercise. Diabetes and hypertension patients with proteinuria might need blood pressure medication, and those with diabetes will have to control their blood sugar. Diabetes patients should receive glomerular filtration rate blood tests every year and may be referred to a nephrologist, a doctor who specializes in the kidneys.

Pregnant women with preeclampsia should be watched carefully. The condition, although serious during pregnancy, usually resolves itself once the baby is born. Proteinuria patients with low blood pressure should schedule annual urine tests and blood pressure checks.

If proteinuria isnt accompanied by diabetes, high blood pressure or any other medical condition, blood pressure medication still might be prescribed to prevent kidney damage. Blood pressure and urine should be checked every six months to make sure kidney disease isnt present. As for those with mild or temporary proteinuria, treatment may not be necessary.

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Protein in my urine: Should I Worry?

Diabetes and hypertension are the top causes of kidney disease, so if you have these conditions, your treatment will include getting these under control. For diabetics, this can include managing blood sugar, taking medication, eating healthy, and exercising.

For people with hypertension, doctors may recommend medication as well as diet and lifestyle changes. People with hypertension and proteinuria are also advised that they should keep their blood pressure below 130/80 millimeters of mercury .

People with diabetes and kidney disease or hypertension and kidney disease are often prescribed medications, including angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors or angiotensin receptor blockers . These medications may also be prescribed to people with kidney disease who do not have diabetes or hypertension.

If kidney damage is permanent, patients may also require dialysis or a kidney transplant.

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What Can Be Done If The Urinalysis Reveals Proteinuria With Signs Of Bleeding And Inflammation

If the urinalysis reveals inflammation or bleeding, your veterinarian may recommend further testing to look for conditions such as bacterial infection, bladder stones, prostatic disease , vaginitis , and cancer, etc. Following treatment, a repeat urinalysis is recommended to determine if the inflammation, bleeding, and proteinuria have disappeared.

Is Protein In Urine Always Kidney Disease

People with proteinuria have unusually high amounts of protein in their urine. The condition is often a sign of kidney disease. Your kidneys are filters that dont usually let a lot of protein pass through. When kidney disease damages them, proteins such as albumin may leak from your blood into your pee.

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Protein In Urine Diagnosis

A urine test called a urinalysis can tell whether you have too much protein in your pee. First, youâll pee into a cup. A lab technician will dip in a stick with chemicals on the end. If the stick changes color, itâs a sign of too much protein. You might need to have this test more than once to find out how long the protein is there.

The technician will also look at the pee under a microscope. Theyâre checking for things that shouldnât be there, which might mean kidney problems. These include red and white blood cells, crystals, and bacteria.

If your doctor suspects kidney disease, you might need to have other urine tests. Your doctor might also order:

  • Blood tests. These measure certain chemicals to check how well your kidneys are working.
  • Imaging tests. CT scans and ultrasounds can spot kidney stones, tumors, or other blockages.
  • A kidney biopsy. Your doctor might need to take a small sample of kidney tissue so a lab technician can look at it under a microscope.

What Is Proteinuria In Children

5 Simple Ways To Lower Protein In Urine Naturally

Proteinuria means theres protein in your childs urine. All children have a little protein in their urine. But too much may signal a problem with your childs kidneys. Kidneys are organs that filter out waste, extra fluid, and salt. These wastes leave the body through urine.

Sometimes older children can have orthostatic proteinuria. Orthostatic means upright. Its called orthostatic proteinuria because protein goes into the urine only when the child is standing up. Children who have this condition have no kidney damage. But for some unknown reason, they lose protein into the urine during the day when they are active. At night, while they sleep, their kidneys dont release protein into the urine.

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How Does Protein Get Into Urine

Protein gets into the urine if the kidneys arent working properly. Normally, glomeruli, which are tiny loops of capillaries in the kidneys, filter waste products and excess water from the blood.

Glomeruli pass these substances, but not larger proteins and blood cells, into the urine. If smaller proteins sneak through the glomeruli, tubules recapture those proteins and keep them in the body.

However, if the glomeruli or tubules are damaged, if there is a problem with the reabsorption process of the proteins, or if there is an excessive protein load, the proteins will flow into the urine.

How Can You Tell If There Is Protein In Your Urine

If you have kidney damage and protein is escaping into your urine, you may notice the following symptoms:

  • Swelling in your face, abdomen or hands and feet.
  • Urine that appears bubbly, foamy or frothy.

If you notice either of these symptoms, talk to your doctor about the cause and what the best treatment may be. In some cases, the issue will resolve on its own without further treatment.

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What Are The Causes

  • Diseases of the glomeruli , for example glomerulonephritis or diabetes.
  • Urine infection can cause proteinuria, but usually there are other signs of this such as a urinary tract infections.
  • Proteinuria can be a symptom of some other conditions and diseases: for example: congestive heart failure, a first warning of eclampsia in pregnancy.
  • Sometimes a positive dipstick for protein isnt abnormal, for example concentrated samples first thing in the morning, or if you have become dehydrated or havent drunk much.
  • Temporary proteinuria may occur after vigorous exercise or if you have a high fever.
  • Sometimes, almost always in children, proteinuria can be detected later in the day, but not in the morning. This is known as orthostatic proteinuria and it is usually harmless.

How Is Proteinuria Diagnosed

Protein in Urine (Proteinuria) | Causes and Symptoms | Urinox-10

Proteinuria is diagnosed through a urine test. The patient provides a urine sample, which is examined in a lab. Doctors use a dipstick a thin plastic stick with chemicals on the tip to test part of the sample right away. If too much of any substance is in the urine, the chemical tip changes color.

The remainder of the urine is then examined under a microscope. Doctors look for substances that dont belong in urine. These substances include red and white blood cells, bacteria and crystals that can grow and develop into kidney stones.

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How To Reduce Protein In Urine

This article was co-authored by Robert Dhir, MD. Dr. Robert Dhir is a board certified Urologist, Urological Surgeon, and the Founder of HTX Urology in Houston, Texas. With over 10 years of experience, Dr. Dhirs expertise includes minimally-invasive treatments for enlarged prostate , kidney stone disease, surgical management of urological cancers, and mens health . His practice has been named a Center of Excellence for the UroLift procedure, and is a pioneer in non-surgical procedures for ED using his patented Wave Therapy. He earned his undergraduate and medical degrees from Georgetown University and was awarded honors in pre-medical studies, urology, orthopedics, and ophthalmology. Dr. Dhir served as chief resident during his urological surgical residency at University of Texas at Houston / MD Anderson Cancer Center in addition to completing his internship in general surgery. Dr. Dhir was voted Top Doctor in Urology for 2018 to 2019, one of the top three Best Rated Urologists in 2019 & 2020 for Houston Texas, and Texas Monthly has named him to the 2019 & 2020 Texas Super Doctors Rising Stars list. This article has been viewed 223,119 times.

Other Conditions That Cause Protein In Urine

There are several conditions that can lead to elevated protein levels in the urine. The most common are:

  • Certain medications
  • Pale skin
  • Dry, itchy skin

Treatment for proteinuria depends on the underlying cause of the condition. If it is caused by diabetes or high blood pressure, these can be managed with medications. If acute kidney failure is causing proteinuria, a medical professional should treat the illness directly.

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Why Do I Need This Test

If you are pregnant, you may have this test as a part of routine prenatal care to screen for preeclampsia.

You may also have this test if your healthcare provider thinks that you have protein in your urine. Proteinuria may not cause symptoms in the early stage. But as kidney function worsens, you may notice these symptoms:

  • Swollen face

  • Higher level of blood creatinine

You may also need this test if you:

  • Are diabetic

  • Have a family member who has chronic kidney disease

  • Are at risk for kidney disease

Why Your Doctor May Test For High Protein In Urine

What Does Protein In The Urine Indicate?

Proteinuria, or protein in the urine, occurs when your kidneys arent functioning normally, allowing protein to leave your body through your urine. Kidneys with normal function filter toxins out of the blood, while keeping nutrients like protein circulating. Having too much protein in your urine can mean that your kidneys are filtering too much protein out of your bloodprotein that your body needs to build muscles and maintain strong bones.

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How Is Protein In Urine Diagnosed

Testing for protein in urine is typically done via a test called a urinalysis. This simple urine test can detect protein levels in the urine and can be conducted in a doctors office. After your urine sample is collected, it is tested with a dipstick. When your urine has large amounts of protein, the strip of paper will change color. Technicians may also examine the sample via microscope.

If a urinalysis detects protein in the urine, your doctor will likely order an additional urine test or tests to determine if you have kidney disease. Your doctor may also conduct blood tests to measure your glomerular filtration rate , which can tell them how well your kidneys are filtering out waste, as well as other blood tests if needed to help identify the cause of the proteinuria. Additional tests may include an ultrasound, CT scan, or kidney biopsy.

When your urine is tested for protein, the test compares the amounts of albumin and creatinine, an amino acid, in your urine. A urine albumin-to-creatinine ratio higher than 30 milligrams per gram observed more than twice over a three-month period may indicate kidney disease.

If you get an abnormal result that detects protein in urine, your doctor will also probably want to check your cholesterol levels, blood sugar, and blood pressure to determine what conditions might be contributing to proteinuria.

Why Is Finding Protein In My Pets Urine A Cause For Concern

Protein is a precious resource for the body, and the kidneys have an important role to prevent it from being lost in the urine. The presence of protein in urine is called proteinuria, and it may indicate that the kidneys are not working properly. In some situations, it may even be a sign of kidney failure.

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Treatment For Proteinuria In Dogs

Proteinuria itself is not a condition, but it may indicate a more serious underlying health problem.

If your dog has proteinuria, your vet will first identify the underlying cause. This will likely involve additional tests, along with a detailed history of your dogs health and any changes in their behavior. They may also prescribe medications to prevent blood clots, such as a very low dose of aspirin or clopidogrel, a blood thinner.

Once the underlying cause has been discovered, your vet can develop a treatment plan. Some of the conditions and related treatments that are linked to proteinuria include:

How Do Doctors Treat Protein In The Urine

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Doctors treat the cause of protein in the urine:

  • If you have diabetes, your doctor will help create a treatment plan to keep it under control and slow down damage to your kidneys. They may recommend that you:
    • Check your blood sugar often
    • Take certain medicines
    • Follow a diabetes-friendly eating plan
    • Be active most days of the week
  • If you have high blood pressure, your doctor may prescribe a medicine to help lower your blood pressure and slow down damage to your kidneys. The types of medicine are:
    • Angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors, which are a group of medicines that lower blood pressure. They widen your blood vessels, help your kidneys get rid of extra water and lower the hormones that raise blood pressure.
    • Angiotensin receptor blockers , which are a group of medicines that lower blood pressure. They widen your blood vessels.
  • If you do not have diabetes or high blood pressure, your doctor may still prescribe an ACE inhibitor or an ARB to slow down damage to your kidneys.

Drinking water will not treat the cause of protein in your urine unless you are dehydrated. Drinking water will dilute your urine , but will not stop the cause of your kidneys leaking protein.If you have protein in your urine, talk with your doctor to choose the best treatment option for you.

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