Fruit And Vegetables: Are You Getting Your 5 A Day
Fruit and vegetables are a good source of vitamins and minerals and fibre, and should make up just over a third of the food you eat each day.
It’s recommended that you eat at least 5 portions of a variety of fruit and vegetables every day. They can be fresh, frozen, canned, dried or juiced.
There’s evidence that people who eat at least 5 portions of fruit and vegetables a day have a lower risk of heart disease, stroke and some cancers.
Eating 5 portions is not as hard as it sounds.
A portion is:
- 80g of fresh, canned or frozen fruit and vegetables
- 30g of dried fruit which should be kept to mealtimes
- 150ml glass of fruit juice or smoothie but do not have more than 1 portion a day as these drinks are sugary and can damage teeth
Just 1 apple, banana, pear or similar-sized fruit is 1 portion each.
A slice of pineapple or melon is also 1 portion, and 3 heaped tablespoons of vegetables is another portion.
Adding a tablespoon of dried fruit, such as raisins, to your morning cereal is an easy way to get 1 portion.
You could also swap your mid-morning biscuit for a banana, and add a side salad to your lunch.
In the evening, have a portion of vegetables with dinner and fresh fruit with plain, lower fat yoghurt for dessert to reach your 5 A Day.
Is Protein Good For Weight Loss
Protein is one of the most essential nutrients that our body needs. It is key component to any nutrition bodybuilding plan and it is essential to lose weight and gain muscle. But what are the best sources of protein?
Above we have spoken about good sources of protein you can eat daily. It is the building block of the cells in our body. From our skin and muscles to our hormones, proteins are everywhere.
So, it wont be wrong to say that proteins make us. If you have little time to cook, you can have a protein shake/protein bar to help you get your protein requirements. Having protein is great pre and post workout to help with recovery.
They help us grow. They help us regenerate cells. Proteins are good for your bones and muscles. They also reduce appetite and make us feel full. In fact, proteins can also boost metabolism and increase fat burning. Furthermore, a protein diet can also help in fighting diabetes and lower blood pressure.
For all these reasons, we must consume the right amount of protein daily. The RDI for protein is 46 grams for women and 56 grams for men. This means that we must consume this protein from our diet.
You may be reading this article wondering why protein powders are so expensive. The foods below will help you to hit your protein requirements without having a single shake!
Proteins High In Healthy Fats
Even though they aren’t as protein dense, or often as low in calories, nutritionally speaking, higher-fat proteins can be just as good for you as low-fat protein options. It all depends on your personal nutrition needs and dietary goals.
Because fat is more calorically dense – providing twice as many calories per gram as other macronutrients – you can get more calories in a smaller portion size. Which is why a little healthy fat, like plant based fat from nuts and seeds, can be a great addition to help add calories when trying to gain muscle.
But this also doesn’t mean eating high fat foods will make you fat! Some fatty foods can be satiating – keeping your appetite in check when trying to cut calories. Fat can also slow the absorption of protein and carbs. This may be beneficial if you are looking for long-lasting energy.
Additionally, fatty proteins from fish and plant based sources are associated with heart health benefits and support good nutrition overall .
Quality proteins that are higher in fat and lower in carbs include nuts, seeds, nut butters, fatty fish, full fat dairy, and some meat alternatives.
High fat proteins work especially great for keto dieters or those looking to gain muscle.
Here are eight options to try:
While many nuts and seeds may seem like they have a higher carbohydrate content at first glance, their net carbs are actually low when consider their high fiber content.
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How To Get More Protein In Your Diet
Increasing your protein intake is simple. Just eat more of protein-rich foods.
Even though eating more protein is simple when you think about it, actually integrating this into your life and nutrition plan can be difficult.
I recommend that you use a calorie/nutrition tracker in the beginning. Weigh and measure everything you eat in order to make sure that you are hitting your protein targets.
You dont need to do this forever, but it is very important in the beginning until you get a good idea of what a high-protein diet looks like.
There are many high-protein foods you can eat to boost your protein intake. It is recommended to use a nutrition tracker in the beginning to make sure that you are getting enough.
Plant Protein Such As Tempeh Is Considered Lean
A balanced diet is vital for good health and involves the three main macronutrients: fat, carbohydrates, and protein. While fat and carbs have a history of getting a bad rap , protein has long had a so-called health halo.
But what makes protein so beloved and lean protein in particular so salubrious? The answer is far from simple.
Adequate protein intake is vital to overall health. Its the bodys building block, as bones, muscles, skin, and blood are all made up of protein, says Melissa Nieves, RD, who works at Kemtai, a virtual personal trainer company in Bayamón, Puerto Rico. In addition to those functions, protein aids the repair and regeneration of cells in the body, notes MedlinePlus.
For weight loss, protein can be helpful, too, because it helps the brain recognize the hormone leptin, which can keep you full longer and provide your body with energy, explains Rima Kleiner, a registered dietitian who is based in Greensboro, North Carolina, and is the author of Dish on Fish, a seafood recipe blog. Research suggests that consuming protein increases leptin, which promotes a feeling of fullness.
The problem, though, is that some foods high in protein think common animal sources such as steak and pork are high in saturated fat, as the Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health points out. In excess, saturated fat can increase your risk for heart disease, notes the American Heart Association . That’s where lean proteins come in, Nieves says.
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The Possible Benefits Of Trading Meat Protein For Plant Protein
One perk of eating animal protein is that these sources are complete meaning they provide the nine essential amino acids our bodies cant make, according to the Cedars-Sinai Blog. But there are benefits to trading or reducing your meat consumption and filling up on plant proteins, including:
Losing weight When followed properly, plant-based diets, such as a vegetarian diet, may help you lose weight, according to a review of 12 randomized controlled trials published in January 2016 in the Journal of General Internal Medicine.
Helping the environment Swapping meat for plants to get your protein fix can similarly benefit the environment, notes an article published in December 2018 in Nutrients.
Boosting your heart health When it comes to red meat, the benefits of relying on plant alternatives for protein arguably get even more impressive. Some studies have linked red meat with an increased risk of heart disease and type 2 diabetes, partly due to the saturated fat content, Sessions says.
Meanwhile, other research, like a meta-analysis published in April 2014 in JAMA Internal Medicine, reveals that compared with omnivorous dieters vegetarians had lower diastolic and systolic blood pressure numbers. Those benefits can lead to a healthier ticker, lowering your risk for heart disease, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.
No one needs to eat red meat to be healthy, Sessions says.
How Much Protein Do You Need It Depends
Although protein is a vital macronutrient, the AHA warns that most Americans eat far more protein than they need. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention recommends that 10 to 35 percent of your calories come from protein that is roughly 46 grams of protein for adult women and 56 g for adult men, per the AHA.
Ready to make the switch to leaner ? Try these 15 foods that are high in the macronutrient.
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Protein Payout: 2 Tablespoons 191 Calories 7 Grams Of Protein
This creamy spread is downright addictive. While eating too much peanut butter can wreak havoc on your waistline, a standard two-tablespoon serving provides a solid dose of muscle-building protein and healthy fats. According to a 2014 study published in The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, consuming peanuts can prevent both cardiovascular and coronary artery disease the most common type of heart condition. Look for the unsalted, no sugar added varieties without hydrogenated oils to reap the most benefits. If you’re tired of plain old PB& J sandwiches, try stirring the spread into hot oatmeal, smearing it on fresh produce, or blending it into your post-workout smoothie. And for some seriously slimming smoothie inspiration check out these 10 smoothie recipes for weight loss.
Plant Vs Animal Protein
The Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics recommends a minimum daily protein intake of 0.8 grams of protein per kilogram of body weight, or about 60 g for a person who weighs 165 pounds. People aiming to build muscle, pregnant or nursing women, and older adults may need more protein.
Animal products such as meat, eggs, and milk are naturally high in protein, which is an essential nutrient made up of amino acids. This makes it easier for people who consume animal products to meet their daily protein needs.
The human body creates 11 amino acids but must get another nine from food. Animal products are complete proteins, meaning they contain all the amino acids. Some plant products, such as soya beans and quinoa, are also complete proteins while others are incomplete proteins.
A person following a vegan or vegetarian diet
A diet free of animal products requires planning and research to ensure a persons nutritional needs are met. For some, this is a benefit, as it encourages them to think about their diet and understand the nutritional content of the foods they eat. For others, it can prove challenging and lead to nutritional deficits.
The Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics stated in that people on vegetarian or vegan diets are at a lower risk of various illnesses, including:
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Protein Payout: 3 Oz 73 Calories 16 G Protein
Tuna or to-not? That is the question. As a primo source of protein and docosahexaenoic acid , canned light tuna is one of the best and most affordable fish for weight loss, especially from your belly! One study in the Journal of Lipid Research showed that omega 3 fatty acid supplementation had the profound ability to turn off abdominal fat genes. And while you’ll find two types of fatty acids in cold water fish and fish oilsDHA and eicosapentaenoic acid researchers say DHA can be 40 to 70 percent more effective than EPA at down-regulating fat genes in the abdomen, preventing belly fat cells from expanding in size. But what about the mercury? Mercury levels in tuna vary by species generally speaking, the larger and leaner the fish, the higher the mercury level. Bluefin and albacore rank among the most toxic, according to a study in Biology Letters. But canned chunk light tuna, harvested from the smallest fish, is considered a “low mercury fish” and canand should!be enjoyed two to three times a week , according to the FDA’s most recent guidelines.
How To Follow A High
The general rule that I like to follow for consuming protein is eating 50 percent of your body weight in grams of protein per day. Like I said, that means if you weigh 160 pounds, you should be consuming about 80 grams per day.
If youre looking to burn fat on a high-protein diet, then youll want to consume even more protein, about 70 percent of your body weight. For people weighing 160 pounds, multiply 160 by 0.7, which gives you 112, so consume close to 100 to 115 grams of protein every day to burn fat more easily.
An easy way to wrap your head around consuming enough protein in one day is to divide the amount of grams you want to eat by the number of meals you consume. If you eat three meals every day and you want to consume 80 grams of protein, then thats about 25 grams of protein per meal.
Now break that down even further 25 grams of protein is about a three-ounce serving of grass-fed beef, organic chicken or wild-caught salmon. Combine your meat with a serving of beans and you have plenty of protein sources in your meal already.
Even leafy greens or vegetables like broccoli and Brussels sprouts contain some protein, so adding these vegetables and raw cheese to an omelet is another great way to consume over 25 grams of protein per meal.
To address your mid-day hunger, there are plenty of high-protein snacks that you can turn to. Examples of protein-rich snacks include black bean hummus, yogurt bites, deviled eggs and even cashew butter chocolate chip cookies.
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How Much Protein Do I Need
The National Academy of Medicine recommends that adults get a minimum of 0.8 grams of protein for every kilogram of body weight per day, or just over 7 grams for every 20 pounds of body weight.
- For a 140-pound person, that means about 50 grams of protein each day.
- For a 200-pound person, that means about 70 grams of protein each day.
The National Academy of Medicine also sets a wide range for acceptable protein intakeanywhere from 10% to 35% of calories each day. Beyond that, theres relatively little solid information on the ideal amount of protein in the diet or the healthiest target for calories contributed by protein. In an analysis conducted at Harvard among more than 130,000 men and women who were followed for up to 32 years, the percentage of calories from total protein intake was not related to overall mortality or to specific causes of death. However, the source of protein was important.
Its important to note that millions of people worldwide, especially young children, dont get enough protein due to food insecurity. The effects of protein deficiency and malnutrition range in severity from growth failure and loss of muscle mass to decreased immunity, weakening of the heart and respiratory system, and death.
Protein Changes The Levels Of Several Weight Regulating Hormones
Your weight is actively regulated by your brain, particularly an area called the hypothalamus .
In order for your brain to determine when and how much to eat, it processes multiple different types of information.
Some of the most important signals to the brain are hormones that change in response to feeding .
A higher protein intake actually increases levels of the satiety hormones GLP-1, peptide YY and cholecystokinin, while reducing your levels of the hunger hormone ghrelin .
This leads to a major reduction in hunger and is the main reason protein helps you lose weight. It can make you eat fewer calories automatically.
Protein reduces levels of the hunger hormone ghrelin, while it boosts the appetite-reducing hormones GLP-1, peptide YY and cholecystokinin. This leads to an automatic reduction in calorie intake.
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Find Out How Much Protein You Need
Most adults over 19 years of age need about 0.8 grams of protein per kilogram of body weight. You can use the following equations to calculate your protein needs.
Note: 1 kg = 2.2 lbs
An adult who weighs 80 kg needs about 64 g of protein each day, while an adult who weighs 65 kg needs about 52 g of protein each day.
The following groups have different protein needs than what is recommended above:
- children and youth
- some athletes
- people with certain health conditions
Talk to a registered dietitian to help determine the amount of protein thats right for you.
What Are The Best Animal
Based solely on the criteria I mentioned earlier, Whey protein powder comes out on top.
Its been shown in multiple papers to have both the highest leucine content and the highest digestibility when compared various other protein sources.
And since research also indicates that most individuals need roughly 2.5g of leucine in a meal to maximize protein synthesis, it makes it a very practical and calorie wise option of doing so. For instance, one scoop of a high quality Whey protein powder will provide you with a little over 2.5g of leucine for often just over 100 calories.
However, you dont just want to rely exclusively on Whey as your main protein source. Nor would you want to rely on it too heavily in order to hit your daily protein requirements.
Why?Because if you did, youd be missing out on the various micronutrients that other protein sources. And these micronutrients play an important role in your recovery, performance and can perhaps even augment muscle growth!
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