What Causes Kidneys To Leak Protein
Proteins are building blocks of life. Albumin is the main protein found in human blood. Proteins are responsible for a diverse range of functions, right from helping in cell and muscle growth to controlling fluid in blood they also help in preventing infection and diseases.
We have a pair of kidneys in our body that act as blood filters. It is the function of the kidneys to let the nutrients and proteins pass while returning them back to the blood stream. However, in case of any malfunction of kidneys, some amount of protein could leak into urine leading to a condition called proteinuria. Thus, any disorder affecting the kidneys, causes kidneys to leak protein.
Protein can be released from the kidneys in large as well small quantities. Sometimes, it can even go unnoticed for a long period of time in the absence of symptoms. There can be many causes for protein leakage which can range from non-malignant to extremely lethal.
While, healthy kidneys are responsible for flushing out water and fluid from the blood making it clean to flow in the system, any kind of malfunction can pose problems in this task. Protein which should ideally be retained, gets leaked and comes out in urine in case of proteinuria.
- Heart Failure
- Complications of other conditions like diabetes, affecting the kidneys, as in diabetic nephropathy.
Before we understand about ways to stop proteinuria, it is important to know the risk factors that cause kidneys to leak protein and ways to recognize it.
How Much Protein In Your Urine Is Normal
While in normal non-pregnants the urine protein excretion is 150 mg/d, whereas, in normal pregnancy, it can increase up to 300 mg/d. This is due to an increase in blood volume and the glomerular filtration rate. But pregnancy proteinuria surpassing 500mg/d is key to diagnosing preeclampsia in hypertensive pregnancy.
Why Your Doctor May Test For High Protein In Urine
Proteinuria, or protein in the urine, occurs when your kidneys arent functioning normally, allowing protein to leave your body through your urine. Kidneys with normal function filter toxins out of the blood, while keeping nutrients like protein circulating. Having too much protein in your urine can mean that your kidneys are filtering too much protein out of your bloodprotein that your body needs to build muscles and maintain strong bones.
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Urology Of Greater Atlanta
Protein in the urine may be a sign of serious health problems. To reduce protein levels, you need to tackle the problem that is causing the increase. The team of board-certified urologists at Urology of Greater Atlanta diagnose the cause of protein in urine and other conditions such as blood in the urine and provide appropriate treatment when necessary.
This article will cover why there may be a high level of protein in the urine, how it can be diagnosed, and what you can do about it.
How Is Albuminuria Detected
A health care provider often tests for albuminuria using a urine dipstick test followed by a urine albumin and creatinine measurement.
You will be asked to collect a urine sample in a special container in your health care providers office or a commercial facility. The office or facility tests the sample onsite or sends it to a lab for analysis.
Dipstick test for albumin. A dipstick test performed on a urine sample can detect the presence of albumin in the urine. For the test, a nurse or technician places a dipstick, a strip of chemically treated paper, into the urine. The dipstick changes color if albumin is present in the urine.
Albumin and creatinine measurement. A health care provider uses this measurement to determine the ratio between the albumin and creatinine in the urine and to estimate the amount of albumin excreted in 24 hours. Creatinine is a waste product that is filtered in the kidneys and excreted in the urine. Health care providers consider a urine albumin-to-creatinine ratio above 30 mg/g higher than normal.
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What Are The Symptoms Of Protein In Urine
When a person first begins to have kidney problems, they may not notice any symptoms. This is why a urine test can be essential to detect protein in the urine, which may indicate early signs of kidney disease.
In addition to proteinuria, symptoms of kidney disease can include:
- Foamy or frothy urine
- Trouble concentrating
If you are pregnant, protein in urine can also be a sign of preeclampsia, a very dangerous condition that can cause high blood pressure and lead to hospitalization. Additional signs of preeclampsia can include headaches, vision changes, abdominal pain, nausea, decreased urine output, and shortness of breath.
Diabetes And Protein In Urine
Diabetes mellitus is the most common cause of kidney disease. Take lifestyle measures to prevent, control or possibly even reverse diabetes by losing weight and strictly controlling blood glucose. Preventing diabetes or controlling blood glucose for those with diabetes is how to prevent kidney disease or prevent it from becoming worse. Controlling blood sugar in diabetes will retard progression of kidney disease.
The American Diabetic Association recommends that the way to find the presence of protein in urine if diabetic is to do an annual urine test. for microalbuminuria . A small amount of microalbumin may mean an early sign of kidney disease if blood testing for kidney function is normal. Do not rely on your physician to screen you, but take the responsibilty yourself instead to remind your doctor. Take lifestyle measures and medication to treat diabetes as advised by your doctor. Strictly control blood glucose to reduce diabetic nephropathy rate of progression. Your doctor may use medications called angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors and angiotensin II receptor blockers may prevent or in some cases, reverse rate of kidney disease progression . These medications also reduce proteinuria.
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How To Reduce Protein In Urine During Pregnancy
If you are wondering how to reduce protein in the urine and prevent preeclampsia, then here are some tips that work.
- Monitor your blood pressure at home regularly. Dont miss your prenatal care visits and ultrasound exams. Any unusual changes in the body, report to the doctor immediately and discuss your health history to land an early diagnosis.
- A case study report suggests that a moderate protein-restricted and supplemented, plant-based diet might help control the protein in urine during pregnancy who are affected by focal segmental glomerulosclerosis.
- Foods that are rich in omega-three fatty acids like mackerel, sardines, cod liver oil, herring, anchovies, caviar, flax seeds, chia seeds, walnuts, and soybeans are good sources of omega-three fats. Low levels of Omega three fatty acids may increase the risk of preeclampsia.
- Foods like citrus fruits, berries, salmon, swiss chard, pumpkin seeds, beans and lentils, amaranth, pistachios, carrots, broccoli, celery, tomatoes, greek yogurt, herbs and spices, chia and flax seeds, spinach, beets, and beet greens are some of the best foods for high blood pressure. A proper diet with these foods can lower blood pressure. Foods rich in potassium and magnesium are great to combat high blood pressure.
Tips For Reducing Protein In Urine
Along with medicines, some tips can help reduce protein in urine naturally at home. Some of these tips are:
- Keep your salt intake low.
- Avoid dairy products, packaged and canned foods
- Increase your vegetables and fruits intake
- Limit your protein intake
- Take sufficient fluid as recommended by the doctor.
- Manage your blood pressure and blood sugar levels
Along with these tests, one should opt for the best Ayurvedic treatment for protein in urine. If you choose modern treatment methods, you wont get desired results also they have many side-effects and risks associated with them.
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High Protein In Urine
Your kidneys serve, in part, to remove any waste or excess fluid from your blood, while allowing important things like proteins to remain. Healthy kidneys are really good at this job, but if you have an underlying disease or condition that affects your kidney function, proteins can pass through the filtering mechanisms in your kidneys and land in your urine. This is called proteinuria .
There are lots of different conditions that can cause proteinuria, but some of these include:
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How Is Proteinuria Treated
Treatment depends on the underlying condition that caused proteinuria. Each condition requires different treatments.
If kidney disease is confirmed, a treatment plan might include medication, diet changes, weight loss and exercise. Diabetes and hypertension patients with proteinuria might need blood pressure medication, and those with diabetes will have to control their blood sugar. Diabetes patients should receive glomerular filtration rate blood tests every year and may be referred to a nephrologist, a doctor who specializes in the kidneys.
Pregnant women with preeclampsia should be watched carefully. The condition, although serious during pregnancy, usually resolves itself once the baby is born. Proteinuria patients with low blood pressure should schedule annual urine tests and blood pressure checks.
If proteinuria isnt accompanied by diabetes, high blood pressure or any other medical condition, blood pressure medication still might be prescribed to prevent kidney damage. Blood pressure and urine should be checked every six months to make sure kidney disease isnt present. As for those with mild or temporary proteinuria, treatment may not be necessary.
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Hypertension And Protein In Urine
Hypertension is the most common cause of kidney disease and protein in urine after Diabetes mellitus. The key to preventing hypertension related complications is to diagnose hypertension early and treat it before it has been present long enough to cause chronic disease. Hypertension may be discovered years after it starts but treating hypertension even if found late has a lower chance of reversing kidney disease, but will prevent worsening of kidney disease.
How To Stop Kidneys From Leaking Protein
The first step to stop kidneys from leaking protein is to know the symptoms of it. Protein leak from kidneys is usually an indication of an underlying disease that needs to be diagnosed.
Leakage of large amounts of protein in the urine could be noticed with the following symptoms:
- Slummy, bubbling and frothy urine while using the toilet
- Body swelling around hands, feet, face and abdomen
- Sugar presence in urine in patients who have diabetes
- Weight gain due to fluid accumulation in the body
- Appetite gets reduced
- Protein supplements in blood are decreased. These include globulin and albumin.
While in most cases, proteinuria is detected with a urine examination done in patients suffering from high blood pressure or diabetes. If you notice the above symptoms, a urine examination if often advised for confirmation.
A urine examination would directly detect the presence of protein helping to identify proteinuria. The patient can get it done either at the doctorâs clinic or a pathology centre. The patient would be asked to give the urine sample in a specimen container which is used for diagnosis. While, some urine is tested right away using a dipstick, remaining is subjected to microscopic examination.
Here are some effective ways to stop the leakage of protein from kidneys. Know how to stop it and protect your health. It is important to understand that proteinuria is not a disease in itself, rather a symptom of an underlying disease.
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How Can Albuminuria Be Reduced
You may also be able to protect your kidneys and reduce albuminuria by working with a registered dietitian who can help you plan meals and change your eating habits. The meal plan may help you
How Does Protein Leak Out Into The Urine
The kidney’s filter, called the glomerulus is usually very selective. It lets the bad toxins out into the urine. But it holds back the good stuff . However, damage to the kidneys filter can make it lose this selectivity making protein escape. Other factors that can cause this is damage to the kidney’s drainage system or in rarer cases, an excess amount of protein in the blood where it just overflows into the urine.
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Abnormally High Level Of Protein In The Urine Could Indicate Kidney Disease
Proteinuria could indicate CKD. Where does protein in the urine come from? The protein is there in the blood. It exists as different types . Your muscles are primarily made of protein. The antibodies that circulate in your system fighting infection are protein. Hence protein is essential, but you normally shouldn’t be peeing it out into the urine.
What Causes Proteinuria
In many cases, proteinuria is caused by relatively benign or temporary medical conditions.
These include dehydration, inflammation and low blood pressure. Intense exercise or activity, emotional stress, aspirin therapy and exposure to cold can also trigger proteinuria. In addition, a kidney stone in the urinary tract can cause proteinuria.
Occasionally, proteinuria is an early indication of chronic kidney disease, a gradual loss of kidney function that may eventually require dialysis or a kidney transplant. Diabetes and high-blood pressure can damage kidneys and are the number-one and number-two causes of kidney disease.
Other potentially kidney-harming diseases and medical conditions, which can lead to proteinuria, include:
- Immune disorders like lupus and Goodpastures syndrome
- Acute inflammation of the kidney
- Puffiness around the eyes, especially in the morning
- Foamy or bubbly urine
These are also symptoms of chronic kidney disease. Anyone experiencing these symptoms, especially foamy urine and swelling, should see a doctor immediately.
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What If My Kidneys Fail
If your kidneys stop working because of nephrotic syndrome, you will need dialysis or a kidney transplant to live. If you are interested in getting a transplant, you must have a full health evaluation by a transplant team at a transplant center. The evaluation will help the transplant team decide if you are ready for the kidney transplant. If the transplant team decides you are ready, the next step will be for your transplant team to help you find a kidney match.
Finding Protein In Your Urine Is Called Proteinuria Or Microalbuminuria In Medical Terms Once You Have Determined That You Have This Start By Asking Your Doctor To Determine The Diagnosis
Here is what to do about finding protein in urine and how to lower protein in urine. Finding protein in your urine is called proteinuria or microalbuminuria in medical terms. Once you have determined that you have this, start by asking your doctor to determine the diagnosis or the explanation for why protein is present in your urine. Most of the time protein in urine is a sign of kidney disease. Generally, the higher the amount of protein in urine, the worse the kidney disease can be. There are many different causes of kidney disease, and just about any of them can cause protein to be lost in the urine. The most common reasons to find protein in urine is kidney disease resulting from diabetes and hypertension. There were some ways previously reviewed about how to prevent kidney disease and reversing kidney disease after it occurs. There was also information previously published about the diagnosis of different types of kidney disease. To review additional causes of protein in urine, Mayo Clinic has a list available.
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Question 2 Of : Causes
Medications Like Antihypertensives Anticonvulsants
Medications to treat high blood pressure like Antihypertensives and Anticonvulsants and magnesium sulfate to prevent seizures and improve uterine blood flow. Corticosteroids during pregnancy to help with the development of the babys lungs and platelet count. It can also prolong pregnancy and is a good choice for hellp syndrome.
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Is A Low Protein Diet The Answer
Even though it makes intuitive sense, and even though excess protein in the urine is directly associated with hyperfiltration, at this time the effect of protein restriction on renal function is uncertain. For now, suffice it to say that a moderate protein diet with about 0.8 grams per kilo body weight of protein per day, might be beneficial but going on a low protein diet may not be of benefit.