Daily Nutritional Requirements Of An Elderly Dog
Obesity is an important concern in elderly dogs. Senior pets tend to slow down and become less active. Eating their usual diet may cause weight gain. You’ll want a low-calorie food that still has adult levels of protein and fat. It’s recommended that elderly dogs receive around 200 to 300 calories per day per ten pounds of body weight.
Another concern is constipation. Senior dogs don’t walk around as much, an activity that stimulates bowel activity. Look for dog foods that are high in fiber, those with four to five percent by weight are optimal.
Meat Zola: Using Dog Food Math To Unravel Protein Needs
- 5 min read
We are starting Zolas official Get Back to 100% training program, so we thought it would be prudent to determine if she has enough protein in her diet. Little did we know that we were taking on such a complex topic. There is a ton of information out there about high-protein diets, protein for athletes, protein for dogs, animal nutrition, dog food, and more. Wading through it to answer a few simple questions turned out to be a lot of work, heres what we learned .
Why focus on protein?
We made an assumption that because she was largely immobile for 3 months, she inevitably suffered muscle loss. It was an educated guess, but a good one. According to Michael OLeary, a doctoral student in Yorks School of Kinesiology and Health Science, a week of total muscular inactivity can cause 24 percent muscle loss. His research was on humans, but we suspect that something similar happens with dogs.
Our next assumption was in order to regain her muscle mass she required two things: 1) increased exercise and 2) the proper amount of protein in her diet. Right again. Studies show that a high protein diet, without exercise, won’t significantly build muscle. Training on a diet lacking in protein won’t either.
While we had a pretty good idea of how to set up an exercise program for our dog, determining her protein needs was completely foreign territory.
How much protein does this doggy need?
55 lbs * 2 grams = 50 grams of protein / day
Do canine athletes require extra protein?
Protein Dos And Donts For Your Dogs Diet
- Do feed your normal-weight dog a commercial food containing high-quality protein like chicken, chicken meal, or chicken by-product meal.
- Do consult your veterinarian about the special dietary needs of your pet at all life stages.
- Dont feed your dog table scraps. Your pets protein needs should be satisfied during mealtime. Any extras may lead to stomach problems and weight gain.
- Dont give your dog protein supplements .
With a diet rich in high-quality protein, your dog will maintain muscle mass as it ages and be more likely to experience long-term health and well-being, just like Dr. Joyces once anorexic beagle. Dr. Joyce reports that it is now living in Florida, fat and happy with its lucky new family.
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How Do I Know If My Dog Is Getting Too Much Protein
There are a couple of things to look out for to make sure you are not feeding your dog too much protein. Firstly, your dogs weight is a good indicator, and secondly, if your dog is leaving yellow patches on the lawn from doing his business. If your dog is putting on weight, then check the protein levels of the food you are feeding your dog to make sure they are not too high. Feed your dog food with a protein level of around 18 percent to see if this helps these symptoms. Check with your veterinarian if you have any concerns about the protein levels in your dogs diet.
The Amount Of Protein In Your Pet’s Food Is Important If A Pet’s Protein Needs Aren’t Met They Can’t Maintain Lean Muscle And Tend To Be Overweight
The amount of protein in your pet’s food is important. If a pet’s protein needs aren’t met, they can’t maintain lean muscle, and tend to be overweight.
Sometimes overweight pets are not being fed too many calories, but rather the source of their calories is coming more from carbohydrates then protein. If all we ate was bread and pasta, likely we would be overweight, even on a calorie controlled diet.
Dogs need 1 gram of protein per pound of IDEAL BODY WEIGHT every day, and cats need 2 grams of protein per pound of IDEAL BODY WEIGHT per day. Cats are strict carnivores whereas dogs are omnivores, like us, and don’t require as much protein in their diet.
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Protein Effects Your Dogs Skin & Coat
Those breathtaking soft silk hair of Dog contains 65-95 percent contains proteins, isnt that interesting its same as human hairs.
- For a healthy skin and shiny coat proper dietary protein is needed.
- Sulfur containing amino acid should be provided for hair to grow well.
30 percent protein provided is used by long haired Doggy to grow its hair.
How Much Protein Should I Give To My Dog
As descendants of wolves, domestic dogs retain their carnivorous physiology. Although dogs can consume plant material and metabolize protein from vegetables and grains, animal protein from meat byproducts and meat is the best source of amino acids to a dog. A dog will eat until it has consumed enough protein to meet its needs for amino acids and nitrogen. The amount varies with the age, size and activity.
The fastest growth period occurs during the first six months of life. Large breeds reach maturity approximately between 12 and 16 months, the smaller breeds reach adulthood a little earlier. When they reach maturity, most will have increased birth weight between forty and fifty times. This enormous growth and development takes place in a relatively short period of time. For this to be a correct development is essential to provide our pet with a balanced diet.
During the growth phase, its organism has a greater demand for energy and nutrients. Therefore it is important to know that these needs are, during the growth phase about twice of those of an adult dog of the same size. After six months these needs begin to decline as the growth rate slows. Reflected in numbers, this means that the energy intake of a young dog should be about twice as much, until it has reached 40% of its adult weight. At that time, the amount of feed should be reduced to approximately 1.6 times to decrease even further, to 1.2 times when the dog has reached 80% of its adult weight.
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Can Dogs Really Get The Protein They Need From Dry Kibble
I have had many patients that never eat anything but dry kibble and live long healthy lives. I always recommend choosing a diet that I personally have reviewed the R& D on. I never pick brands that are advertised on big budgets because I think that too much of the R& D budget is clearly being wasted on national TV ad campaigns. I know that it sounds self -serving, but if a diet must market itself for sale in a vet office, it means that the primary consumer is an educated one and the manufacturer must be more careful about what they offer.
About the Author
Based in Wilsonville, Ore., animal lover Kristina N. Lotz is a Certified Professional Dog Trainer Knowledge Assessed and works as a full time trainer. She is the founder of A Fairytail House, a unique all-positive all-sport dog training facility that helps rescue dogs in her area and provides free seminars and training classes for the community. In her spare time, she trains and competes in herding, agility, obedience, rally, and conformation with her Shetland Sheepdogs. She smartly married a Veterinary Technician, who helps keep the fur kids happy and healthy, and provides a quick resource for articles.
What To Do If My Dog Ate A Chocolate Protein Bar Or Powder
Dogs are notorious for getting into things they shouldnt. If you leave a protein bar on your counter, your pooch may help themselves. You may mix a protein drink and step away for a minute, only to find that your dog has helped themselves to your shake.
Many protein bars and shakes are chocolate flavored. Chocolate can make even the blandest foods taste better, which is why its such a popular flavor. However, chocolate is toxic to dogs. This can become a major concern when your dog ingests your favorite protein snack.
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How Much Chocolate Is Likely To Be Too Much For A Dog
If they consume dark chocolate, 3.5g of dark chocolate for every 1kg of body weight is dangerous. If its milk chocolate, 14g for every 1kg is a potentially toxic dose. 14g of milk chocolate for every kg they weigh.
One Hershey chocolate bar weighs about 41 grams. This means one bar would be dangerous for a dog that weighs less than 3 kg, or 6 pounds.
Cocoa powder, however, is much more dangerous. If the dog weighs 10 lbs, 4 grams or .14 ounces is enough to make them very ill.
The Importance Of Protein In Your Dogs Diet
Protein plays a vital role in the diets of both humans and dogs. Protein provides vital amino acids that help to build cells, skin, hair, muscle, and more. These proteins are available from both plant and animal products, but the dogs ancestors once hunted prey items and acquired protein through meat. Dogs are considered omnivorous, so its best to provide your dog with a source of protein thats a combination of both animal and plant-based nutrients.
Without adequate protein, your pup will start to lose muscle mass, hair, and could even develop joint and bone problems. While dogs are similar to their wild ancestors, its best for them to get both plant and animal-based nutrients for a more balanced diet. Most dog foods will contain both, but you want to be sure youre choosing only premium meats in your dog food.
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What Should I Look For In A Dog Food
The best advice you can receive about feeding your dog is this: feed your dog the highest-quality food you can afford. The differences between a premium food and budget food are not found on the nutrition label they are found in the quality and source of ingredients. Two dog foods may each contain 27% protein but be vastly different when it comes to digestibility.
Pet food ingredients are listed by order of weight. Each ingredient is weighed when it is added to the batch of food, and ingredients such as fresh meat contain a lot of water, much of which is lost during processing. This means that a dry diet that lists corn as the first ingredient may be nutritionally superior to one listing meat first.
“Feed your dog the highest-quality food you can afford.”
To further complicate matters, some nutrients are listed as a “minimum” percentage, while others are listed as a “maximum” percentage, meaning that the batch of food may contain a higher or lower percentage of the ingredient than shown on the label.
The best method to choose a food for your dog is to ask your veterinarian. However, here are some general tips to help you decide what should go into your dog’s food bowl:
Is My Dog Getting Too Much Protein
In humans, excessive amounts of protein can lead to kidney disease. A kidney disease is any condition that causes the kidneys to stop functioning correctly. However, kidney diseases in dogs may be hereditary or may come from chemicals, toxins, or even cancer.
According to Dr. Kenneth C. Bovée, professor emeritus of medicine in Penn’s School of Veterinary Medicine, there have been some studies over the years that debunk the assumption that too much protein causes renal damage in dogs. In his study, Mythology of Protein Restriction for Dogs with Reduced Renal Function, Dr. Bovée states that the following assumptions are myths:
Increased protein intake increases urea, which causes the kidneys to work much harder.
A diet rich in protein damages a dog’s kidneys.
A diet rich in protein causes hyperkalemia, which means high levels of potassium in the blood.
A diet rich in protein causes acidosis.
Protein intake increases toxins.
Reducing protein in the diet will slow down the deterioration of the kidneys.
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How Much Should I Feed
The ideal method for determining how many calories to feed your dog is to determine what your dog’s lean weight should be and feed according to that weight. Unfortunately, this requires constant monitoring and is not always practical.
“Your veterinarian can estimate how many calories your dog needs each day based on his lifestyle and body condition score.”
Your veterinarian can estimate how many calories your dog needs each day based on his lifestyle and body condition score. The standard formula used for calculating the energy requirements of the average adult dog that lives inside your home, receives light daily exercise, and is spayed or neutered is:
30 x weight in kg + 70 = daily caloric needs
Be aware that few of our dogs are “average,” so this formula is merely a starting point. Most dogs will require fewer calories on a daily basis, while a few will require slightly more. This daily caloric total includes not only your dog’s meals, but also any snacks and treats. If your dog needs to lose weight, your veterinarian will recommend caloric restriction .
As Fed Versus Dry Matter
The percentages of protein, fat, etc., shown on a pet food label are expressed as fed meaning, as the food is delivered in its package. Some percentage of the food is comprised of moisture , which of course contains no protein, fat, fiber, or other nutrients. Kibble generally contains about 10 percent moisture wet foods contain as much as 80 percent or more moisture.
So, think about it: When a label says that a food contains 4 percent fat, in order to really understand how much fat you are about to feed your dog, you also have to know how much moisture is in the food. What you really want to know is how much fat is in the food part of the food the dry matter. Any serious discussion of nutrition, or comparison of dry and wet diets, then, requires the conversion of the nutrient values from as fed to dry matter. Dont worry it sounds technical, but its easy to do.
-To calculate dry matter percentages, first determine the amount of dry matter by subtracting the percentage of moisture from 100. Then divide the as fed percentage by the amount of dry matter to get the dry matter percentage. For example, if a canned food has 75 percent moisture and 4 percent fat:
100 75 = 25 percent dry matter
4 ÷ 25 = 16 percent fat on a dry matter basis
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What About Meat Meal And Meat By
Of course, not all meat products are made equal. Many people also question the quality of meat meal and meat by-products, which are often used as protein sources in many different foods.
Meat meal may sound low-quality, but it is actually concentrated meat. To make meat meal, whole meat is cooked down and dehydrated into a powder. This makes it more nutritious than whole meat per ounce, as it doesnt have as much water content. Plus, meat must be dehydrated to be used in wet food. If it is listed as meal on an ingredient list, this is likely a more accurate ingredient listing than whole meat would be.
However, it is important that the source of the meal is named. You dont want to purchase something with meat meal, as the meat could literally mean anything. If your dog is allergic to an ingredient, meat meal is a certain no-go. Things like chicken meal and beef meal are perfectly fine.
By-products are a bit more complicated, as they can be a lot of different things. By-products can include nutritious ingredients that just arent eaten by humans in the western world like organs and cartilage. However, by-products can also include things that contain hardly any nutrients at all, like feathers.
While dogs would naturally eat feathers in the wild, they shouldnt be eating only feathers. When the ingredients are only listed as by-products, it is impossible to know what your dog is eating. For this reason, by-products are usually considered lower-quality.
How Is Too Much Protein Different In Dogs And Humans
In another study, scientists examined four dogs at the same stage of renal failure. The goal of the research was to find out if the dog’s kidneys would adjust to diets with different amounts of proteins and electrolytes.
They learned that the dogs were able to adjust their excretions based on the amount of protein in their diets. In other words, they would just poop out the extra protein.
And the varying protein levels did not affect their kidneys since they continued to function as they would, considering the stage of renal failure. However, they noticed that the dogs were not able to adjust to diets with minimal protein content.
A reduced protein diet may have reduced the amount of urea in the blood, but it also reduced the Glomerular Filtration Rate and renal plasma flow. These changes were not positive changes.
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The Dangers Of High Protein Dog Foods
One of the biggest misconceptions about dogs is that they are carnivores and should be fed a very high protein diet. While they will quite happily eat virtually any meat that they come across, our canine companions are actually omnivores, which means that they can derive enough nutrition to survive from a range of sources, including meat, fish, vegetables, herbs, grains and more.
Many owners will agree that their furriest family member is quite happy to chow down on virtually anything that is put under his nose something whether it is edible or not!
Protein is an important part of your dogs nutrition, playing many roles in his health and wellbeing. Protein enables your furbaby to build muscle, bone and body mass and well as supporting cell and nerve function and helping him to heal when he is sick or suffers an injury. However, too much protein can actually be bad for his health.