What If My Kidneys Fail
If your kidneys stop working because of nephrotic syndrome, you will need dialysis or a kidney transplant to live. If you are interested in getting a transplant, you must have a full health evaluation by a transplant team at a transplant center. The evaluation will help the transplant team decide if you are ready for the kidney transplant. If the transplant team decides you are ready, the next step will be for your transplant team to help you find a kidney match. Learn more about the evaluation process and finding a match.
What Do They Look For In A Protein Test
One of the main proteins your healthcare provider looks for in this test is albumin. What is a urine protein test? A urine protein test is a screening test to look for the presence of proteins in the urine. One of these proteins is called albumin. Cleveland Clinic is a non-profit academic medical center.
Change Your Protein Intake
Just because there are high protein levels in urine you don’t have to give up proteins all together.
However, lowering the consumption of proteins and changing to Healthy of proteins will make a significant improvement in your urine proteins.
Avoid red meats and move to lean proteins like chicken meat. Eat more fishes and soy proteins.
Soy proteins are light on kidneys as compared to animal proteins.
Since high blood pressure and diabetes are the main causes of rise if proteins in urine, fix these and you will get rid of proteinuria. Take following precautions.
- Lead a healthy life by exercising and sleeping well
- Reduce stress by deep breathing and meditation
- Drink lots of water throughout the day
- Avoid refined carbohydrates and sugar
- Stop alcohol and sugary colas and sodas
You are lucky if you identify proteins in urine early and take preventative action. Urine test every year if you are above 60 can save you from.kidney disease.
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How To Get Rid Of Protein From Urine
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What Happens When Chronic Kidney Disease Or Another Serious Condition Is Diagnosed Or Suspected
A doctor who suspects kidney disease would repeat the urine test three times over three months. If the samples test positive for proteins each time, the patient likely has kidney disease. The earlier the diagnosis, the more chance doctors have to slow the disease and stop it from progressing.
Additional tests might include:
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How Is Proteinuria Treated
Treatment depends on the underlying condition that caused proteinuria. Each condition requires different treatments.
If kidney disease is confirmed, a treatment plan might include medication, diet changes, weight loss and exercise. Diabetes and hypertension patients with proteinuria might need blood pressure medication, and those with diabetes will have to control their blood sugar. Diabetes patients should receive glomerular filtration rate blood tests every year and may be referred to a nephrologist, a doctor who specializes in the kidneys.
Pregnant women with preeclampsia should be watched carefully. The condition, although serious during pregnancy, usually resolves itself once the baby is born. Proteinuria patients with low blood pressure should schedule annual urine tests and blood pressure checks.
If proteinuria isnt accompanied by diabetes, high blood pressure or any other medical condition, blood pressure medication still might be prescribed to prevent kidney damage. Blood pressure and urine should be checked every six months to make sure kidney disease isnt present. As for those with mild or temporary proteinuria, treatment may not be necessary.
How To Diagnose Abnormal Protein In Urine
People with high protein in urine, often dont know about the problem and live a normal life until the problem advances. With its advancement, one may experience some body indications that are
Earlier, no symptoms appear in protein loss in urine. When the problem advances, one may experience some body symptoms which are:
- Frequent urination
- Muscle cramping
- Puffiness around eyes, etc.
Based on your symptoms, your doctor can suspect you to have any kidney problem. In such a condition, your doctor suggests some laboratory tests to determine protein loss in in urine. The tests conducted are Urine tests, Blood tests, and another kidney functioning test .
Using these tests, your doctor can detect protein amount loss in urine and its cause. The whole treatment depends upon reports of the patient.
Is A Low Protein Diet The Answer
Even though it makes intuitive sense, and even though excess protein in the urine is directly associated with hyperfiltration, at this time the effect of protein restriction on renal function is uncertain. For now, suffice it to say that a moderate protein diet with about 0.8 grams per kilo body weight of protein per day, might be beneficial but going on a low protein diet may not be of benefit.
Is There A Special Diet For Nephrotic Syndrome
Changing how you eat may also help you manage your symptoms. When you have nephrotic syndrome, a dietitian may recommend you make changes to the amount of protein, salt, and fat that you eat. Check out Kidney Kitchen to learn more about how these nutrients can affect your kidneys.
The amount of protein you should eat depends on how healthy your kidneys are. For some people with nephrotic syndrome, eating less protein is best. Talk to a dietitian about how much protein you should eat.
Limiting how much salt you eat and drink can help prevent swelling and keep your blood pressure at a healthy level.
Watch our video to get tips on managing sodium.
Eating foods low in saturated fat and cholesterol can help prevent high cholesterol associated with nephrotic syndrome. Choosing fish or low-fat cuts of meat instead of cuts with high fat can help keep your cholesterol under control.
How Is The Test Used
Urine protein testing is used to detect excess protein in the urine . A semi-quantitative test such as a dipstick urine protein may be used to screen for the presence of protein in the urine as part of a routine urinalysis.
A urine protein test may be used to screen for, help evaluate, and monitor kidney function and to help detect and diagnose early kidney damage and/or disease. However, the test can also help screen for several other conditions that can cause proteinuria.
If slight to moderate amounts of protein are detected, then a repeat urinalysis and dipstick protein may be performed at a later time to see if there is still protein in the urine or if it has become undetectable.
If there is a large amount of protein in the first sample, repeat testing will be ordered. If increased levels of urine protein are observed in follow-up specimens, then a 24-hour urine protein may be ordered along with certain blood tests. Since the dipstick method primarily measures the protein albumin, and if follow-up, repeat urine samples are positive, a 24-hour urine test also may be ordered to obtain more detailed information.
Either a 24-hour urine protein or a random protein to creatinine ratio may be used to monitor a person with known kidney disease or damage. A dipstick urine protein and/or a protein to creatinine ratio may be used to screen people on a regular basis when they are taking a medication that may affect their kidney function.
Who Should Be Tested For Protein In The Urine
If you are part of a group that is considered high risk for kidney disease, your doctor will test your urine for protein as part of your regular preventative care. People who are at risk for kidney disease include:
- Those who are 65 or older.
- Those who have a family history of kidney disease.
- Those who have high blood pressure or diabetes.
- Members of certain ethnic groups, including Hispanics, Native Americans, Asians and African Americans.
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Protein In Urine Treatment
Proteinuria a sign of another illness. So treatment depends on figuring out what caused it. You might not need treatment if proteinuria is mild or lasts only a short time. But itâs crucial to treat kidney disease before it leads to kidney failure.
Your doctor might prescribe medication, especially if you have diabetes and/or high blood pressure. Most people will take one of two types of blood pressure medicine:
How Is Nephrotic Syndrome Treated
There is no cure for nephrotic syndrome, but your doctor might tell you to take certain medicines to treat the symptoms. and to keep the damage to your kidneys from getting worse.
New Jersey Kidney Treatments & Diagnostics
Your kidneys are responsible for filtering out waste in your blood so that nutrients can perform their function in the body without contamination. Trace amounts of protein in urine is normal, but it should mostly be protein-free. High protein in urine is called proteinuria. This condition can cause a protein deficiency and could be an early warning sign of kidney disease.
How To Get Rid Of Excess Protein In Your Body
Help your kidneys flush out and remove excess proteins from your body by drinking plenty of extra water. The kidneys work to balance the water and sodium balance in your body, so drinking plenty of water will prompt your kidneys to filter that much more toxins and excess materials out with the excess water.
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Why Your Doctor May Test For High Protein In Urine
Proteinuria, or protein in the urine, occurs when your kidneys arent functioning normally, allowing protein to leave your body through your urine. Kidneys with normal function filter toxins out of the blood, while keeping nutrients like protein circulating. Having too much protein in your urine can mean that your kidneys are filtering too much protein out of your bloodprotein that your body needs to build muscles and maintain strong bones.
How Is Protein In Urine Diagnosed
Testing for protein in urine is typically done via a test called a urinalysis. This simple urine test can detect protein levels in the urine and can be conducted in a doctors office. After your urine sample is collected, it is tested with a dipstick. When your urine has large amounts of protein, the strip of paper will change color. Technicians may also examine the sample via microscope.
If a urinalysis detects protein in the urine, your doctor will likely order an additional urine test or tests to determine if you have kidney disease. Your doctor may also conduct blood tests to measure your glomerular filtration rate , which can tell them how well your kidneys are filtering out waste, as well as other blood tests if needed to help identify the cause of the proteinuria. Additional tests may include an ultrasound, CT scan, or kidney biopsy.
When your urine is tested for protein, the test compares the amounts of albumin and creatinine, an amino acid, in your urine. A urine albumin-to-creatinine ratio higher than 30 milligrams per gram observed more than twice over a three-month period may indicate kidney disease.
If you get an abnormal result that detects protein in urine, your doctor will also probably want to check your cholesterol levels, blood sugar, and blood pressure to determine what conditions might be contributing to proteinuria.
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How Does Protein Leak Out Into The Urine
The kidney’s filter, called the glomerulus is usually very selective. It lets the bad toxins out into the urine. But it holds back the good stuff . However, damage to the kidneys filter can make it lose this selectivity making protein escape. Other factors that can cause this is damage to the kidney’s drainage system or in rarer cases, an excess amount of protein in the blood where it just overflows into the urine.
How Do Doctors Treat Protein In The Urine
Doctors treat the cause of protein in the urine:
- If you have diabetes, your doctor will help create a treatment plan to keep it under control and slow down damage to your kidneys. They may recommend that you:
- Check your blood sugar often
- Take certain medicines
- Follow a diabetes-friendly eating plan
- Be active most days of the week
- If you have high blood pressure, your doctor may prescribe a medicine to help lower your blood pressure and slow down damage to your kidneys. The types of medicine are:
- Angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors, which are a group of medicines that lower blood pressure. They widen your blood vessels, help your kidneys get rid of extra water and lower the hormones that raise blood pressure.
- Angiotensin receptor blockers , which are a group of medicines that lower blood pressure. They widen your blood vessels.
- If you do not have diabetes or high blood pressure, your doctor may still prescribe an ACE inhibitor or an ARB to slow down damage to your kidneys.
Drinking water will not treat the cause of protein in your urine unless you are dehydrated. Drinking water will dilute your urine , but will not stop the cause of your kidneys leaking protein.If you have protein in your urine, talk with your doctor to choose the best treatment option for you.
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Protein In The Urine Linked To Life Expectancy
New York, NY Pee in a cup and you might get a clue as to how much longer you will live. A new report published online today in the National Kidney Foundation’s American Journal of Kidney Diseases shows a strong correlation between levels of protein in the urine, or proteinuria, and mortality.
“Our report shows that both men and women with higher levels of proteinuria had substantially reduced life expectancy in comparison to people with relatively low levels of proteinuria,” said the report’s lead author, Dr. Tanvir Chowdhury Turin of the University of Calgary.
According to the National Kidney Foundation, healthy people have very little protein in the urine since the kidneys act as filters to keep protein in the body. Proteinuria is an early indication that the kidneys have been damaged in some way, allowing protein to leak out.
The study analysis was based on lab values from over 810,000 patients in Alberta, Canada who had undergone proteinuria testing in an outpatient setting.
Across the board, results showed that mild or heavy amounts of proteinuria was tied to shorter life spans in men and women between 30 and 85 years of age. For example, the life expectancies of 40-year-old men and women with no proteinuria were 15.2 and 17.4 years longer, respectively, than those with heavy proteinuria. Proteinuria-free men and women also outlived those with mild proteinuria by 8.2 years and 10.5 years, respectively.
Importance of Screening
Who Should Have Their Urine Routinely Tested For Proteinuria
NICE has suggested that the following people should be considered for a urine test for proteinuria:
- People with kidney function known to be less than 65% of normal. This assessment is made using a blood test for your kidney measurement, called your estimated glomerular filtration rate .
- People with diabetes.
- People with heart and blood vessel disease .
- People with complex diseases which may involve the kidneys – for example, systemic lupus erythematosus or myeloma.
- People with a family history of kidney failure or a family history of inherited kidney disease.
- People found to have blood in their urine.
What Are The Causes
There are no symptoms in the initial stages of glomerular proteinuria. In the later stages, there is a number of signs that help in the detection of the problem:
- Foamy urine
- Swelling of the hands, feet or abdomen
- Back pain and side pain
- Pain while urinating
- Hematuria or Blood in the urine
- Feeling sick all the time
- Shortness of breath
Protein In Urine Causes Symptoms & Treatments
When your kidneys are not working as well as they should, protein can leak through your kidneys filters and into your urine . Protein in your urine is called proteinuria or albuminuria. It is a sign that your kidneys are damaged.